Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract The fluid-absent reaction 12 zoisite = 3 lawsonite + 7 grossular + 8 kyanite + 1 coesite was experimentally reversed in the model system CaO-Al2O3-SiO2-H2O (CASH) using a multi-anvil apparatus. The upper pressure stability limit for zoisite was found to extend to 5.0 GPa at 700 °C and to 6.6 GPa at 950 °C. Additional experiments both in the H2O-SiO2-saturated and in the H2O-Al2O3-saturated portions of CASH provide further constraints on high pressure phase relationships of lawsonite, zoisite, grossular, kyanite, coesite, and an aqueous fluid. Consistency of the present experiments with the H2O-saturated breakdown of lawsonite is demonstrated by thermodynamic analysis using linear programming techniques. Two sets of data consistent with databases of Berman (1988) and Holland and Powell (1990) were retrieved combining experimental phase relationships, calorimetric constraints, and recently measured elastic properties of solid phases. The best fits result in G f ,1,298 ∘,zoisite=−6,499,400 J and S 1,298 ∘,zoisite=302 J/K, and G f ,1,298 ∘,lawsonite=−4,514,600 J and S 1,298 ∘,lawsonite=220 J/K for the dataset of Holland and Powell, and G f ,1,298 ∘,zoisite=−6,492,120 J and S 1,298 ∘,zoisite=304 J/K, and G f ,1,298 ∘,lawsonite=−4,513,000 J and S 1,298 ∘,lawsonite= 218 J/K for the dataset of Berman. Examples of the usage of zoisite as a geohygrometer and as a geobarometer in rocks metamorphosed at eclogite facies conditions are worked, profiting from the thermodynamic properties retrieved here.
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