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  • 1
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    Köln: Institut der deutschen Wirtschaft (IW)
    Publication Date: 2019-01-31
    Description: Das Urheberrecht soll allgemein einen Anreiz zur Schöpfung von Werken der Literatur, Kunst und Wissenschaft schaffen. Was aber, wenn der Künstler oder Autor eine Maschine ist? Im Zeitalter der Künstlichen Intelligenz (KI) schon lange keine Utopie mehr. Aus ökonomischer Sicht gibt es gute Gründe, warum keine Maschine Urheber sein kann und sollte. Nichtsdestotrotz stellt sich die Frage, ob es im KI-Kontext Handlungsbedarf in Form eines digitalen Updates des Urheberrechts oder ergänzender Rechtsnormen gibt.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: German
    Type: doc-type:report
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  • 2
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    München: Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Volkswirtschaftliche Fakultät
    Publication Date: 2017-06-21
    Description: Universities in developing countries have rarely been able to subscribe to academic journals in the past. The "Online Access to Research in the Environment" initiative (OARE) provides institutions in developing countries with free online access to more than 5,700 environmental science journals. Here we analyze the effect of OARE on scientific output in five developing countries. We apply difference-in-difference estimation using panel data for 18,955 articles from 798 research institutions. We find that online access via OARE increases publication output by at least 43% while lower-ranked institutions located in remote areas benefit less. Results are robust when we apply instrumental variables to account for information diffusion and Bayesian estimation to control for self-selection
    Keywords: O33 ; L17 ; ddc:330 ; Online Access ; Academic Publishing ; Information Diffusion Processes ; Instrumental Variables ; Bayesian Estimation
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 3
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    Köln: Institut der deutschen Wirtschaft (IW)
    Publication Date: 2018-11-30
    Description: Das EU-Parlament hat am 4. Oktober einen Vorschlag für eine Verordnung für den freien Verkehr nicht-personenbezogener Daten in der Europäischen Union beschlossen. Die Verordnung soll Ende dieses Jahres noch in Kraft treten und die Wettbewerbsfähigkeit europäischer Unternehmen in der globalen Datenökonomie stärken.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: German
    Type: doc-type:report
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2019-01-08
    Description: The significance of data as an economic good in the digital economy quickly raises the question of who owns the data. More specifically, within the context of a data marketplace in which data is being exchanged or traded and where different bundles of rights (property rights) are trans-ferred (contract law) - an answer regarding the genuine assignment of property rights for data seems important. From an economic standpoint, this paper investigates the need for an (new) intellectual prop-erty right for data. Firstly, an overview of the status quo of the literature on property rights for data will be provided. This will be followed by an analysis of the characteristics of data as a good, clarifying the circumstances under which a market failure can occur. Accordingly, only a market failure situation will authorise economic policy intervention. Lastly, we will derive specific policy implications, offering economic reasoning on a new intellectual property right for data and spe-cifically pointing to other forms of law that may be more applicable for reaching an efficient allocation of data resources.
    Keywords: D23 ; K11 ; K12 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:report
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