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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-2242
    Keywords: Restriction fragment length polymorphism Linkage mapping ; Multiple regression ; Anthracnose Maize
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract A generation-means analysis was performed on two maize populations, each segregating for genes conferring resistance to anthracnose stalk rot (ASR). The populations were derived from a cross of DE811ASR x DE811 and of DE811ASR x LH132. The resistant parent, DE811ASR, was obtained through introgression with MP305 as the donor and DE811 as the recurrent parent. The analysis revealed significant additive effects in both populations and a significant additive x dominant effect in the DES11ASR x DES11 population. Quantitative trait locus (QTL) mapping, using restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP)-based molecular markers, indicated a significant QTL on linkage group 4 in both populations. The QTL analysis confirmed additive inheritance in both populations. This work demonstrates a close correspondence between generation-means analysis and discrete observations using molecular markers. Linkage of a genetic marker to genes conferring resistance to ASR will be useful for the introgression of resistance into elite germplasm.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-2242
    Keywords: Heat tolerance ; Killing temperature ; Inheritance
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary A diallel analysis is described for the case in which the values of the characteristic used in an inheritance study have unequal variances. Such a characteristic can be a mean, a slope of a regression line, or the estimates of some parameter of a linear or nonlinear model. Computational formulae are presented which incorporate the necessary weighting along with the statistics of the Hayman-Jinks method for diallel analysis. The method described can also be used to perform a weighted diallel analysis based on means when there are unequal numbers of replications per cross. A simple example demonstrates the computations necessary to complete a weighted diallel analysis.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-2242
    Keywords: Interspecific hybridization ; Solanum ; Eggplant
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary Eleven genotypes of Solanum melongena L. and one genotype tentatively identified as Solanum macrocarpon were reciprocally intercrossed. Three patterns of the crossability were determined: a) reciprocally crossable, b) reciprocally non-crossable, and c) unidirectionally crossable. In toto 524 F1 interspecific hybrids were grown during one season under open pollination conditions in the field. A large proportion of the F1 hybrids produced seed set. The highest degree of seed set was recorded in the reciprocal F1 hybrid of S. melongena (cv. ‘Burpee Hybrid’) and S. macrocarpon (Acc. 21–73). In addition, a limited number of back-cross progeny have been produced. The germinating seeds produced an F2 generation of which some recombinants showed a considerably higher degree of fertility than the F1. This finding suggests the possibility of the transfer of genes for resistance to two-spotted spider mite from S. macrocarpon to S. melongena.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 0006-291X
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Physics
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    ISSN: 0006-291X
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Physics
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 2004-02-20
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2015-12-16
    Description: The 2013 Aigion earthquake swarm that took place in the west part of Corinth Gulf is investigated for revealing faulting and seismicity properties of the activated area. The activity started on May 21 and was appreciably intense in the next 3 months. The recordings of the Hellenic Unified Seismological Network (HUSN), which is adequately dense around the affected area, were used to accurately locate 1501 events. The double difference (hypoDD) technique was employed for the manually picked P and S phases along with differential times derived from waveform cross-correlation for improving location accuracy. The activated area with dimensions 6 × 2 km is located approximately 5 km SE of Aigion. Focal mechanisms of 77 events with M ≥ 2.0 were determined from P wave first motions and used for the geometry identification of the ruptured segments. Spatio-temporal distribution of earthquakes revealed an eastward and westward hypocentral migration from the starting point suggesting the division of the seismic swarm into four major clusters. The hypocentral migration was corroborated by the Coulomb stress change calculation, indicating that four fault segments involved in the rupture process successively failed by stress change encouragement. Examination of fluid flow brought out that it cannot be unambiguously considered as the driving mechanism for the successive failures. © 2015, Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.
    Print ISSN: 1383-4649
    Electronic ISSN: 1573-157X
    Topics: Geosciences , Physics
    Published by Springer
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2014-12-05
    Description: Waveform correlation is garnering attention as a method for detecting, locating, and characterizing similar seismic events. To explore the opportunities for using waveform correlation in broad regional monitoring, we applied the technique to a large region of central Asia over a three-year period, monitoring for events at regional distances using three high-quality stations. We discuss methods for choosing quality templates and introduce a method for choosing correlation detection thresholds, tailored for each template, for a desired false alarm rate. Our SeisCorr software found more than 10,000 detections during the three-year period using almost 2000 templates. We discuss and evaluate three methods of confirming detections: bulletin confirmation, high correlation with a template, and multistation validation. At each station, 65%–75% of our detections could be confirmed, most by multistation validation. We confirmed over 6500 unique detections. For monitoring applications, it is of interest that a significant portion of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization’s Late Event Bulletin (LEB) catalog events was detected and that adding our confirmed detections for the LEB catalog would more than double the catalog size. Waveform correlation also allows for relative magnitude calculation, and we explore the magnitudes of detected events. The results of our study suggest that doing broad regional monitoring using historical and real-time-generated templates is feasible and will increase detection capabilities.
    Print ISSN: 0037-1106
    Electronic ISSN: 1943-3573
    Topics: Geosciences , Physics
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 2014-03-21
    Description: Standard processing of seismic events for reporting in bulletins is usually done one-at-a time. State-of-the-art relative event methods, often involving cross correlation, are increasingly used and have improved estimates of event parameters for event detection, location and magnitude. This is because relative event techniques can simultaneously reduce measurement error and effects of model error. We show how cross correlation can be used to assign relative magnitudes for neighbouring seismic events distributed over a large region in east Asia and quantify to what extent the uncertainty in these values increases as waveform similarity breaks down. We find that cross correlation works well for magnitude comparison of two events when it is expected that they generate very similar signals even if these may be almost buried in large amounts of noise. This may be the case when investigating repeating earthquakes or nuclear explosions within a few kilometres of each other. Cross correlation is the optimal detector in these cases assuming noise is white and Gaussian, and also provides the least-squares solution for the relative amplitudes. However, when the waveform similarity of the underlying signals breaks down, due to interevent separation distance, source time function differences or focal mechanism differences, these assumptions are no longer valid and a bias is introduced into the relative magnitude measurement. This bias due to degradation of waveform similarity is modelled here with synthetics and an analytic expression for it is derived based on three terms—the cross-correlation coefficient (CC), and the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of the larger and smaller events. The analytic expression is a good match to the observed bias in the data. If the equation for relative magnitude is rewritten to correct for the bias due to the CC, a new equation results which is simply the log of the ratio of the L2 norms. The bias due to SNRs is still present because the observed waveforms inevitably contain both signal and noise. However, this bias is predicted to be minimal for typical detection thresholds. Making measurements of the ratio of the L2 norms is shown to remove the bias due to degradation of waveform similarity for real data. The scatter of these cross-correlation measurements of relative magnitude is much less than those obtained by differencing magnitudes in a traditional catalogue. Of 14 025 events in and near China, 34 per cent had over an order of magnitude reduction in the median standard deviation (0.0342 magnitude units) as compared to the estimated scatter in the catalogue (0.3454 magnitude units). And 78 per cent of the events show a factor 3 improvement or better in the precision of relative event size measured as the ratio of the L2 norms as compared to the precision of the catalogue for relative magnitudes. These results suggest that the ratio of the L2 norms is an appropriate measure of relative magnitudes for general seismicity of a monitoring region, when there is significant waveform dissimilarity for neighbouring events. This measure maintains a higher degree of measurement precision as compared to the catalogue.
    Print ISSN: 0956-540X
    Electronic ISSN: 1365-246X
    Topics: Geosciences
    Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Deutsche Geophysikalische Gesellschaft (DGG) and the Royal Astronomical Society (RAS).
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 2016-07-26
    Description: Using template waveforms from aftershocks of the Wenchuan earthquake (12 May 2008, M s  7.9) listed in a global bulletin and continuous data from eight regional stations, we detected more than 6000 additional events in the mainshock source region from 1 May to 12 August 2008. These new detections obey Omori’s law, extend the magnitude of completeness downward by 1.1 magnitude units, and lead to a more than fivefold increase in number of known aftershocks compared with the global bulletins published by the International Data Centre and the International Seismological Centre. Moreover, we detected more M 〉2 events than were listed by the Sichuan Seismograph Network. Several clusters of these detections were then relocated using the double-difference method, yielding locations that reduced travel-time residuals by a factor of 32 compared with the initial bulletin locations. Our results suggest that using waveform correlation on a few regional stations can find aftershock events very effectively and locate them with precision.
    Print ISSN: 0037-1106
    Electronic ISSN: 1943-3573
    Topics: Geosciences , Physics
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