Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
Abstract The flexural behaviour of mica-dispersed epoxy resin composites has been examined. The flexural strength and flexural modulus have been determined as a function of the volume fraction of mica flakes (V f) for both aminimide-cured epoxy resin matrix and a conventional epoxy resin reference matrix. On the basis of microscopic observation of fractured surfaces, the effect of improving the particle-matrix interface has been analysed using the modulus reduction factor (MRF) in a modified form. It is found that there is a steady increase in the flexural modulus with the volume fraction of mica flake for the aminimide-cured epoxy resin matrix. In contrast, the increase in flexural modulus levels off at a high content of filler for the reference samples. It is noteworthy that the intact mica flakes without surface treatment exhibit a substantial reinforcing effect on the flexural strength in the case of aminimide-cured epoxy resin composites. A further surprise is the difference among the curing agents used. The reference epoxy resins behave just like conventional matrix resins, exhibiting 30 to 40% reduction in the flexural strength when a small fraction of mica is added. These superior properties of the matrix resin for the composites are ascribed to the characteristics of aminimide-cured epoxy resins such as hardness, toughness, and excellent adhesivity.
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