The analysis of more than 400 papers found in the literature on Sargassum biosorption has shown the existence of more than 700 equilibrium entries corresponding to data at different temperature and pH conditions. The following ten single metals: Cd, Co, Cr(III, VI), Cu, Fe, Hg, La, Ni, Pb, and Zn, are the main focus of most of the equilibrium data (507) in more than half of the studied references. The studies reflecting the interaction of nine of these metals with Sargassum sp. is described and analyzed. The use of Langmuir equation, the effect of temperature and pH on sorption is critically reviewed. In addition, we also analyze all the data available on elemental chemical composition of native Sargassum. These data reflect the interaction of this kind of marine biomass with nine of the metals mentioned above, which are present in seawater worldwide.