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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-119X
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract  An association between eosinophils and tissue damage has been observed in numerous disorders. However, few reports have addressed the role of infiltrating eosinophils in gastric ulcer healing. The aim of this study was to investigate the kinetics and role of eosinophils infiltrating experimental chronic gastric ulcers in the rat. We developed a monoclonal antibody against human matrix metalloproteinase 1 (MMP1) purified from conditioned culture medium of human skin fibroblasts. Acetic acid-induced gastric ulcers were resected from rats on days 1, 3, 5, 10, 20, 40, and 180 after the days of induction (day 0). Tissue specimens were immunostained with this antibody and examined with an electron microscope. Few eosinophils were observed in the granulation tissue until day 20. By days 40 and 180, MMP1-positive eosinophils had increased in the granulation tissue of open ulcers. Azan staining revealed dispersed collagen fibers around infiltrating eosinophils. In contrast, scars demonstrated few eosinophils in fibrous tissue on days 40 and 180. Eosinophils which express MMP1 infiltrate granulation tissue at the chronic stage of gastric ulceration. The results suggest that eosinophils may play a role in tissue remodeling and deterioration of ulceration.
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-0878
    Keywords: Monoclonal antibody ; Reticular cell ; Ellipsoids ; Marginal zone ; Spleen ; Heat-shock protein ; Chicken
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Ellipsoids, the extra-vasculature sites surrounding penicilliary capillaries of the chicken spleen, play critical roles in the immune response and also in the clearance of pathogens or other particles. The meshwork of ellipsoids is formed by fibroblastic reticular cells. To characterize ellipsoidal reticular cells, a series of monoclonal antibodies against the chicken spleen have been developed. Of these antibodies, CSA-1 antibody reacts with fibroblastic reticular cells in ellipsoids and with endothelial cells. The reticular nature of positive cells in ellipsoids is indicated by immuno-electron microscopy, and by double-staining with anti-heat-shock protein 47 kDa (hsp47) antibody. The reaction of CSA-1 with reticular cells is limited in ellipsoids; CSA-1 does not react with reticular cells in other lymphoid organs. These findings indicate that ellipsoidal reticular cells share the antigen with endothelial cells. Ontogenic studies reveal that, on embryonic day 18, the development of ellipsoids is completed, penicilliary capillaries become fenestrated, and CSA-1 expression in ellipsoids begins. These findings suggest that CSA-1 is expressed on the cell surface of ellipsoidal reticular cells once they are exposed to blood flow.
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-0878
    Keywords: Key words: Monoclonal antibody ; Reticular cell ; Ellipsoids ; Marginal zone ; Spleen ; Heat-shock protein ; Chicken
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract. Ellipsoids, the extra-vasculature sites surrounding penicilliary capillaries of the chicken spleen, play critical roles in the immune response and also in the clearance of pathogens or other particles. The meshwork of ellipsoids is formed by fibroblastic reticular cells. To characterize ellipsoidal reticular cells, a series of monoclonal antibodies against the chicken spleen have been developed. Of these antibodies, CSA-1 antibody reacts with fibroblastic reticular cells in ellipsoids and with endothelial cells. The reticular nature of positive cells in ellipsoids is indicated by immuno-electron microscopy, and by double-staining with anti-heat-shock protein 47 kDa (hsp47) antibody. The reaction of CSA-1 with reticular cells is limited in ellipsoids; CSA-1 does not react with reticular cells in other lymphoid organs. These findings indicate that ellipsoidal reticular cells share the antigen with endothelial cells. Ontogenic studies reveal that, on embryonic day 18, the development of ellipsoids is completed, penicilliary capillaries become fenestrated, and CSA-1 expression in ellipsoids begins. These findings suggest that CSA-1 is expressed on the cell surface of ellipsoidal reticular cells once they are exposed to blood flow.
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  • 4
    ISSN: 0730-2312
    Keywords: procollagen synthesis ; human osteosarcoma cells ; 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 ; type I collagen ; proline hydroxylation ; Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine
    Notes: The kinetics of type I procollagen synthesis in a human osteosarcoma cell line, MG 63, were investigated after treatment with 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25-(OH)2 D3), a hormonal inducer of phenotypic differentiation. Pulse label and chase experiments demonstrated greatly enhanced production and more rapid reduction of intracellular procollagen molecules in the 1,25-(OH)2 D3-treated cells as compared to the nontreated case. After a chase for 1 h, labeled procollagen was reduced by nine-tenths in 1,25-(OH)2 D3-treated cells, while half of the radioactivity still remained in nontreated cells. The expression rate of type I collagen, which was examined by pulse label experiment, was elevated in association with an increase in the mRNA coding for the type I collagen α1 chain by 1,25-(OH)2 D3 treatment. However, the amount of intracellular procollagen present after 4 h continuous labeling was almost the same, independent of the 1,25-(OH)2 D3 treatment. Thus, we conclude that strage of the molecule was not affected. The results therefore suggest an increase in both the synthesis and secretion of type I collagen. The 1,25-(OH)2 D3 treatment was also found to induce the α subunit of prolyl 4-hydroxylase and to be associated with an elevated level of hydroxyproline in the procollagen. Moreover, gelatinase B-resistant procollagen molecules, indicative of intracellular procollagen molecules in the stable triple helical form, were detected only in the 1,25-(OH)2 D3-treated cells. These data suggest more efficient proline hydroxylation is involved in rapid secretion of procollagen after hormone administration. The present evidence points to posttranslational control of procollagen synthesis. J. Cell. Biochem. 65:542-549. © 1997 Wiley-Liss Inc.
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  • 5
    ISSN: 0730-2312
    Keywords: mouse ; PDI family proteins ; retinoic acid ; dibutyryl cAMP ; differentiation ; Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine
    Notes: We investigated the expression of protein disulfide isomerase family proteins (PDI, ERp61, and ERp72) in mouse F9 teratocarcinoma cells during differentiation induced by treatment with retinoic acid and dibutyryl cAMP. Each member of this family was expressed at a constitutive level in undifferentiated F9 cells. During differentiation of F9 cells to parietal or visceral endodermal cells the protein level of all these enzymes increased, although the extent of this increase in both protein and mRNA levels varied among the enzymes. Certain proteins were found to be co-immunoprecipitated with PDI, ERp61, and ERp72 in the presence of a chemical crosslinker. Type IV collagen was significantly coprecipitated with PDI whereas laminin was equally coprecipitated with the three proteins. Furthermore, 210 kDa protein characteristically coprecipitated with ERp72. Thus, the induction of PDI family proteins during the differentiation of F9 cells and their association with different proteins may implicate specific functions of each member of this family despite the common redox activity capable of catalyzing the disulfide bond formation. J. Cell. Biochem. 68:436-445, 1998. © 1998 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
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  • 6
    ISSN: 0021-9304
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Medicine , Technology
    Notes: The bone-cement interface tissue of failed total hip arthroplasty (THA) has inflammatory characteristics, such as the presence of prostaglandin E2 and interleukin 1 (IL-1). We considered that the bone-cement interface tissue could be the site of granulomatous inflammation caused by a foreign-body reaction. It has been demonstrated that inflammatory cytokines and chemokines have an important role in granulomatous inflammation. Bone-cement interface tissue was obtained at revision from nine patients with failed cemented THA, and the role of macrophages was assessed by immunohistochemistry, electron microscopy, and molecular biological techniques. We used the reverse-transcriptional polymerase chain reaction to examine the expression of mRNA for IL-1α, IL-1β, tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα), macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-1α, MIP-1β, IL-8, and monocyte chemoattractant protein. Polyethylene debris surrounded by macrophages and phagocytosis of debris by macrophages was frequently observed in the interface tissue. Macrophage activation and the production of inflammatory cytokines such as 1L-1 and TNFα might induce the development of interface tissue. Expression of chemokine mRNAs was also commonly seen, suggesting that this led to recruitment of macrophages into the bone-cement interface tissue. Debris released from implants appears to cause activation of macrophages and the production of inflammatory cytokines and chemokines that induce cellular recruitment into interface tissue. This mechanism might form a vicious cycle that aggravates THA loosening. © 1997 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
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