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  • 1
    ISSN: 0935-6304
    Keywords: Gas chromatography ; Capillary, glass ; Two-dimensional GC ; Odour evaluation ; Fraction collection, heart-cutting and enrichment ; Applications, essential oil analysis ; Chemistry ; Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: A simple but effective GC approach to odour evaluation and fraction collection with capillary columns is described. An allglass device splits the column effluent, with one splitter arm going to an FID. For odour evaluation, the other splitter arm is led via teflon tubing to the nose. Off-line heart-cutting is carried out by collecting the split effluent on a glass capillary microtrap, the inner walls of which are coated with OV-101. This allows recovery of nanogram amounts of material. Multipass operation or repeated collection leads to preparative capillary GC for further spectroscopic investigation. These techniques do not involve sophisticated equipment or valves. Applications of this type of smell analysis, heart-cutting and enrichment in the analysis of Rhododendron fragrantissimum essential oil, black pepper essential oil and hop essential oil, illustrating the versatility of the systems, are presented.
    Additional Material: 7 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1573-2932
    Keywords: aromatics ; comparison ; composition ; crude oils ; Kuwait ; volatile compounds ; water-soluble fraction
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Energy, Environment Protection, Nuclear Power Engineering
    Notes: Abstract Kuwait's desert was inundated, in 1991, with massiveoil-spills from damaged well heads and from oil fires.Large volumes of seawater used for fire-fightingfreely mixed with oil and then seeped into the ground.The dissolved compounds not only contaminated soil butalso threaten to pollute groundwater. The compositionof the volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in thewater-soluble fraction (WSF), in seawater, of tendifferent crude oils produced in Kuwait and Kuwaitcrude oil (export) was investigated. The resultsshowed that the composition of the WSFs variedconsiderably (ranging from 5970 μg L-1 to10494 μg L-1). On average, about 40 volatilecompounds were identified and quantified in the WSFs.Aromatics formed the bulk of the WSF of all of thecrude oils, amounting to about 90% of the total VOCs.The WSF prepared from Raudatain crude oil containedthe highest total VOCs (benzene and toluene) whilethat of Um-Ghadair contained the lowest. The WSF ofKuwait crude oil (export) was compared with that ofindividual oils and was found to contain relativelysmaller amounts of individual components and the VOCs.Relatively higher amounts of toxic VOCs in the WSF ofRaudatain crude oil has potential to impact the fonaand flora as well as potable ground water in the area.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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