Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition
Abstract The in vivo metabolism of indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) in etiolated hypocotyls of lupin (Lupinus albus L., from Bari, Italy) was investigated by appliying IAA labelled with two radioisotopes ([1-14C]-IAA+[5-3H]-IAA) to the apical end of decapitated seedlings, followed by extraction of the radioactivity in the different regions along the hypocotyl. This method allowed detection of IAA decarboxylation in zones distant from the cut surface and, therefore, containing intact cells. When IAA was added directly in solution to the cut surface, decarboxylation was high especially in those hypocotyl regions where transient accumulations characteristic of the polar transport of IAA occurred. In 10-day-old seedlings such accumulations were observed both in the elongation zone (2nd, 3rd, and 4th cm) and in the non elongating basal zone (8th, 9th and 10th cm). When the IAA, instead, was applied with an agar block deposited on the cut surface, IAA metabolism (decarboxylation as well as conjugation) was increased but almost exclusively in tissues within 10 mm of the cut surface. In both kinds of experiment, the increase in IAA decarboxylation seemed to coincide with a decrease in the transport of IAA, since in the assay without agar the transient accumulations of radioactivity were probably due to a decrease in the transport velocity, while in the assay with agar the transport intensity was much lower than in the assay without agar. These results point to a competitive relationship between IAA metabolism and transport. Consequently, it is suggested that hypocotyl regions that probably use auxin for development processes (e.g., cell elongation and differentiation) may have a more intense IAA metabolism in parallel with their higher IAA concentrations.
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