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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2003-03-22
    Description: The Polycomb group (PcG) protein Eed is implicated in regulation of imprinted X-chromosome inactivation in extraembryonic cells but not of random X inactivation in embryonic cells. The Drosophila homolog of the Eed-Ezh2 PcG protein complex achieves gene silencing through methylation of histone H3 on lysine 27 (H3-K27), which suggests a role for H3-K27 methylation in imprinted X inactivation. Here we demonstrate that transient recruitment of the Eed-Ezh2 complex to the inactive X chromosome (Xi) occurs during initiation of X inactivation in both extraembryonic and embryonic cells and is accompanied by H3-K27 methylation. Recruitment of the complex and methylation on the Xi depend on Xist RNA but are independent of its silencing function. Together, our results suggest a role for Eed-Ezh2-mediated H3-K27 methylation during initiation of both imprinted and random X inactivation and demonstrate that H3-K27 methylation is not sufficient for silencing of the Xi.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Plath, Kathrin -- Fang, Jia -- Mlynarczyk-Evans, Susanna K -- Cao, Ru -- Worringer, Kathleen A -- Wang, Hengbin -- de la Cruz, Cecile C -- Otte, Arie P -- Panning, Barbara -- Zhang, Yi -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2003 Apr 4;300(5616):131-5. Epub 2003 Mar 20.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Blastocyst/metabolism/*physiology ; Cell Differentiation ; Cell Nucleus/metabolism ; Cells, Cultured ; *Dosage Compensation, Genetic ; Female ; Fluorescent Antibody Technique ; Genomic Imprinting ; HeLa Cells ; Histones/*metabolism ; Humans ; In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence ; Lysine/metabolism ; Male ; Methylation ; Mice ; Mutation ; Polycomb Repressive Complex 2 ; RNA, Long Noncoding ; RNA, Untranslated/genetics/metabolism ; Repressor Proteins/metabolism ; Stem Cells/metabolism/*physiology ; Transgenes ; Trophoblasts/*physiology ; X Chromosome/*metabolism
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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