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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2013-11-01
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Picker, Louis J -- Deeks, Steven G -- England -- Nature. 2013 Nov 14;503(7475):207-8. doi: 10.1038/nature12703. Epub 2013 Oct 30.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Vaccine and Gene Therapy Institute, Oregon Health & Science University, Beaverton, Oregon 97006, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24172894" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Antibodies, Monoclonal/*therapeutic use ; Antibodies, Neutralizing/*therapeutic use ; HIV Antibodies/*therapeutic use ; HIV-1/*immunology ; *Immunotherapy ; Simian Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/*therapy ; Simian Immunodeficiency Virus/*physiology ; Viremia/*therapy
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2006-10-26
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Ahuja, Sunil K -- Aiuti, Fernando -- Berkhout, Ben -- Biberfeld, Peter -- Burton, Dennis R -- Colizzi, Vittorio -- Deeks, Steven G -- Desrosiers, Ronald C -- Dierich, Manfred P -- Doms, Robert W -- Emerman, Michael -- Gallo, Robert C -- Girard, Marc -- Greene, Warner C -- Hoxie, James A -- Hunter, Eric -- Klein, George -- Korber, Bette -- Kuritzkes, Daniel R -- Lederman, Michael M -- Malim, Michael H -- Marx, Preston A -- McCune, Joseph M -- McMichael, Andrew -- Miller, Christopher -- Miller, Veronica -- Montagnier, Luc -- Montefiori, David C -- Moore, John P -- Nixon, Douglas F -- Overbaugh, Julie -- Pauza, C David -- Richman, Douglas D -- Saag, Michael S -- Sattentau, Quentin -- Schooley, Robert T -- Shattock, Robin -- Shaw, George M -- Stevenson, Mario -- Trkola, Alexandra -- Wainberg, Mark A -- Weiss, Robin A -- Wolinsky, Steven -- Zack, Jerome A -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2006 Nov 10;314(5801):924-5. Epub 2006 Oct 24.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17062652" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Child ; *Disease Outbreaks ; HIV Infections/*epidemiology/transmission ; Hiv-1 ; Health Personnel/*legislation & jurisprudence ; Humans ; Jurisprudence ; Libya/epidemiology ; *Prisoners ; *Social Justice
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2013-04-06
    Description: A variant upstream of human leukocyte antigen C (HLA-C) shows the most significant genome-wide effect on HIV control in European Americans and is also associated with the level of HLA-C expression. We characterized the differential cell surface expression levels of all common HLA-C allotypes and tested directly for effects of HLA-C expression on outcomes of HIV infection in 5243 individuals. Increasing HLA-C expression was associated with protection against multiple outcomes independently of individual HLA allelic effects in both African and European Americans, regardless of their distinct HLA-C frequencies and linkage relationships with HLA-B and HLA-A. Higher HLA-C expression was correlated with increased likelihood of cytotoxic T lymphocyte responses and frequency of viral escape mutation. In contrast, high HLA-C expression had a deleterious effect in Crohn's disease, suggesting a broader influence of HLA expression levels in human disease.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3784322/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3784322/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Apps, Richard -- Qi, Ying -- Carlson, Jonathan M -- Chen, Haoyan -- Gao, Xiaojiang -- Thomas, Rasmi -- Yuki, Yuko -- Del Prete, Greg Q -- Goulder, Philip -- Brumme, Zabrina L -- Brumme, Chanson J -- John, Mina -- Mallal, Simon -- Nelson, George -- Bosch, Ronald -- Heckerman, David -- Stein, Judy L -- Soderberg, Kelly A -- Moody, M Anthony -- Denny, Thomas N -- Zeng, Xue -- Fang, Jingyuan -- Moffett, Ashley -- Lifson, Jeffrey D -- Goedert, James J -- Buchbinder, Susan -- Kirk, Gregory D -- Fellay, Jacques -- McLaren, Paul -- Deeks, Steven G -- Pereyra, Florencia -- Walker, Bruce -- Michael, Nelson L -- Weintrob, Amy -- Wolinsky, Steven -- Liao, Wilson -- Carrington, Mary -- 5-M01-RR-00722/RR/NCRR NIH HHS/ -- HHSN261200800001E/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- HHSN261200800001E/PHS HHS/ -- K08 AR057763/AR/NIAMS NIH HHS/ -- K08AR057763/AR/NIAMS NIH HHS/ -- K24 AI069994/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- K24AI069994/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- N02-CP-55504/CP/NCI NIH HHS/ -- P30 AI027763/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- P30 AI027767/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- P30 AI027767-24/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- P30 MH62246/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/ -- PG/09/077/27964/British Heart Foundation/United Kingdom -- R01 AI046995/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R01 AI060460/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R01 AI087145/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R01 AR065174/AR/NIAMS NIH HHS/ -- R01-AI046995/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R01-AI060460/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R01-DA-04334/DA/NIDA NIH HHS/ -- R01-DA-12568/DA/NIDA NIH HHS/ -- R01-DA04334/DA/NIDA NIH HHS/ -- R01-DA12568/DA/NIDA NIH HHS/ -- R24 AI067039/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01-AI-067854/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01-AI-35039/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01-AI-35040/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01-AI-35041/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01-AI-35042/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01-AI-35043/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01-AI-37613/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01-AI-37984/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- UL1 RR024131/RR/NCRR NIH HHS/ -- Wellcome Trust/United Kingdom -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2013 Apr 5;340(6128):87-91. doi: 10.1126/science.1232685.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Cancer and Inflammation Program, Laboratory of Experimental Immunology, Science Applications International Corporation-Frederick, Inc., Frederick National Laboratory for Cancer Research, Frederick, MD 21702, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23559252" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: African Americans/genetics ; Alleles ; Amino Acid Sequence ; Anti-Retroviral Agents/therapeutic use ; Crohn Disease/genetics/immunology ; *Gene Expression Regulation ; HIV/genetics/*immunology ; HIV Infections/drug therapy/*genetics/*immunology ; HLA-C Antigens/*genetics ; Humans ; Immunodominant Epitopes/genetics ; Molecular Sequence Data ; Mutation ; Peptide Fragments/immunology ; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide ; T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic/*immunology ; Viral Load/genetics
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 4
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 2014-07-12
    Description: Antiretroviral therapy (ART) is able to suppress HIV-1 replication indefinitely in individuals who have access to these medications, are able to tolerate these drugs, and are motivated to take them daily for life. However, ART is not curative. HIV-1 persists indefinitely during ART as quiescent integrated DNA within memory CD4(+) T cells and perhaps other long-lived cellular reservoirs. In this Review, we discuss the role of the immune system in the establishment and maintenance of the latent HIV-1 reservoir. A detailed understanding of how the host immune system shapes the size and distribution of the viral reservoir should lead to the development of a new generation of immune-based therapeutics, which may eventually contribute to a curative intervention.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4096716/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4096716/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Barouch, Dan H -- Deeks, Steven G -- AI078526/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI084794/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI095985/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI096040/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI096109/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI100663/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- OD011170/OD/NIH HHS/ -- R01 AI084794/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R01 OD011170/OD/NIH HHS/ -- U19 AI078526/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U19 AI095985/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U19 AI096040/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U19 AI096109/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- UM1 AI100663/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2014 Jul 11;345(6193):169-74. doi: 10.1126/science.1255512.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Center for Virology and Vaccine Research, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02215, USA. Ragon Institute of Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH), Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA. ; University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94110, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25013067" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: AIDS Vaccines/*immunology/therapeutic use ; Anti-Retroviral Agents/therapeutic use ; Antibodies, Monoclonal/therapeutic use ; CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes/immunology/virology ; HIV Infections/drug therapy/*immunology/prevention & control ; HIV-1/drug effects/*physiology ; Humans ; Immune System/*virology ; Immunization ; Immunologic Factors/therapeutic use ; *Virus Replication
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2009-06-06
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Murphy, Robert L -- Autran, Brigitte -- Katlama, Christine -- Brucker, Gilles -- Debre, Patrice -- Calvez, Vincent -- Clotet, Bonaventura -- Clumeck, Nathan -- Costagliola, Dominique -- Deeks, Steven G -- Dorrell, Lucy -- Gatell, Jose -- Haase, Ashley -- Klein, Michel -- Lazzarin, Adriano -- McMichael, Andrew J -- Papagno, Laura -- Schacker, Timothy W -- Wain-Hobson, Simon -- Walker, Bruce D -- Youle, Michael -- G0502048/Medical Research Council/United Kingdom -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2009 Jun 5;324(5932):1264-5. doi: 10.1126/science.324_1264b.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Division of Infectious Diseases, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL 60611, USA. r-murphy@northwestern.edu〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19498149" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Anti-HIV Agents/*therapeutic use ; HIV Infections/*drug therapy/therapy/virology ; Humans ; Immunologic Factors/*therapeutic use ; *International Cooperation
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2010-11-06
    Description: Infectious and inflammatory diseases have repeatedly shown strong genetic associations within the major histocompatibility complex (MHC); however, the basis for these associations remains elusive. To define host genetic effects on the outcome of a chronic viral infection, we performed genome-wide association analysis in a multiethnic cohort of HIV-1 controllers and progressors, and we analyzed the effects of individual amino acids within the classical human leukocyte antigen (HLA) proteins. We identified 〉300 genome-wide significant single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within the MHC and none elsewhere. Specific amino acids in the HLA-B peptide binding groove, as well as an independent HLA-C effect, explain the SNP associations and reconcile both protective and risk HLA alleles. These results implicate the nature of the HLA-viral peptide interaction as the major factor modulating durable control of HIV infection.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3235490/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3235490/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉International HIV Controllers Study -- Pereyra, Florencia -- Jia, Xiaoming -- McLaren, Paul J -- Telenti, Amalio -- de Bakker, Paul I W -- Walker, Bruce D -- Ripke, Stephan -- Brumme, Chanson J -- Pulit, Sara L -- Carrington, Mary -- Kadie, Carl M -- Carlson, Jonathan M -- Heckerman, David -- Graham, Robert R -- Plenge, Robert M -- Deeks, Steven G -- Gianniny, Lauren -- Crawford, Gabriel -- Sullivan, Jordan -- Gonzalez, Elena -- Davies, Leela -- Camargo, Amy -- Moore, Jamie M -- Beattie, Nicole -- Gupta, Supriya -- Crenshaw, Andrew -- Burtt, Noel P -- Guiducci, Candace -- Gupta, Namrata -- Gao, Xiaojiang -- Qi, Ying -- Yuki, Yuko -- Piechocka-Trocha, Alicja -- Cutrell, Emily -- Rosenberg, Rachel -- Moss, Kristin L -- Lemay, Paul -- O'Leary, Jessica -- Schaefer, Todd -- Verma, Pranshu -- Toth, Ildiko -- Block, Brian -- Baker, Brett -- Rothchild, Alissa -- Lian, Jeffrey -- Proudfoot, Jacqueline -- Alvino, Donna Marie L -- Vine, Seanna -- Addo, Marylyn M -- Allen, Todd M -- Altfeld, Marcus -- Henn, Matthew R -- Le Gall, Sylvie -- Streeck, Hendrik -- Haas, David W -- Kuritzkes, Daniel R -- Robbins, Gregory K -- Shafer, Robert W -- Gulick, Roy M -- Shikuma, Cecilia M -- Haubrich, Richard -- Riddler, Sharon -- Sax, Paul E -- Daar, Eric S -- Ribaudo, Heather J -- Agan, Brian -- Agarwal, Shanu -- Ahern, Richard L -- Allen, Brady L -- Altidor, Sherly -- Altschuler, Eric L -- Ambardar, Sujata -- Anastos, Kathryn -- Anderson, Ben -- Anderson, Val -- Andrady, Ushan -- Antoniskis, Diana -- Bangsberg, David -- Barbaro, Daniel -- Barrie, William -- Bartczak, J -- Barton, Simon -- Basden, Patricia -- Basgoz, Nesli -- Bazner, Suzane -- Bellos, Nicholaos C -- Benson, Anne M -- Berger, Judith -- Bernard, Nicole F -- Bernard, Annette M -- Birch, Christopher -- Bodner, Stanley J -- Bolan, Robert K -- Boudreaux, Emilie T -- Bradley, Meg -- Braun, James F -- Brndjar, Jon E -- Brown, Stephen J -- Brown, Katherine -- Brown, Sheldon T -- Burack, Jedidiah -- Bush, Larry M -- Cafaro, Virginia -- Campbell, Omobolaji -- Campbell, John -- Carlson, Robert H -- Carmichael, J Kevin -- Casey, Kathleen K -- Cavacuiti, Chris -- Celestin, Gregory -- Chambers, Steven T -- Chez, Nancy -- Chirch, Lisa M -- Cimoch, Paul J -- Cohen, Daniel -- Cohn, Lillian E -- Conway, Brian -- Cooper, David A -- Cornelson, Brian -- Cox, David T -- Cristofano, Michael V -- Cuchural, George Jr -- Czartoski, Julie L -- Dahman, Joseph M -- Daly, Jennifer S -- Davis, Benjamin T -- Davis, Kristine -- Davod, Sheila M -- DeJesus, Edwin -- Dietz, Craig A -- Dunham, Eleanor -- Dunn, Michael E -- Ellerin, Todd B -- Eron, Joseph J -- Fangman, John J W -- Farel, Claire E -- Ferlazzo, Helen -- Fidler, Sarah -- Fleenor-Ford, Anita -- Frankel, Renee -- Freedberg, Kenneth A -- French, Neel K -- Fuchs, Jonathan D -- Fuller, Jon D -- Gaberman, Jonna -- Gallant, Joel E -- Gandhi, Rajesh T -- Garcia, Efrain -- Garmon, Donald -- Gathe, Joseph C Jr -- Gaultier, Cyril R -- Gebre, Wondwoosen -- Gilman, Frank D -- Gilson, Ian -- Goepfert, Paul A -- Gottlieb, Michael S -- Goulston, Claudia -- Groger, Richard K -- Gurley, T Douglas -- Haber, Stuart -- Hardwicke, Robin -- Hardy, W David -- Harrigan, P Richard -- Hawkins, Trevor N -- Heath, Sonya -- Hecht, Frederick M -- Henry, W Keith -- Hladek, Melissa -- Hoffman, Robert P -- Horton, James M -- Hsu, Ricky K -- Huhn, Gregory D -- Hunt, Peter -- Hupert, Mark J -- Illeman, Mark L -- Jaeger, Hans -- Jellinger, Robert M -- John, Mina -- Johnson, Jennifer A -- Johnson, Kristin L -- Johnson, Heather -- Johnson, Kay -- Joly, Jennifer -- Jordan, Wilbert C -- Kauffman, Carol A -- Khanlou, Homayoon -- Killian, Robert K -- Kim, Arthur Y -- Kim, David D -- Kinder, Clifford A -- Kirchner, Jeffrey T -- Kogelman, Laura -- Kojic, Erna Milunka -- Korthuis, P Todd -- Kurisu, Wayne -- Kwon, Douglas S -- LaMar, Melissa -- Lampiris, Harry -- Lanzafame, Massimiliano -- Lederman, Michael M -- Lee, David M -- Lee, Jean M L -- Lee, Marah J -- Lee, Edward T Y -- Lemoine, Janice -- Levy, Jay A -- Llibre, Josep M -- Liguori, Michael A -- Little, Susan J -- Liu, Anne Y -- Lopez, Alvaro J -- Loutfy, Mono R -- Loy, Dawn -- Mohammed, Debbie Y -- Man, Alan -- Mansour, Michael K -- Marconi, Vincent C -- Markowitz, Martin -- Marques, Rui -- Martin, Jeffrey N -- Martin, Harold L Jr -- Mayer, Kenneth Hugh -- McElrath, M Juliana -- McGhee, Theresa A -- McGovern, Barbara H -- McGowan, Katherine -- McIntyre, Dawn -- Mcleod, Gavin X -- Menezes, Prema -- Mesa, Greg -- Metroka, Craig E -- Meyer-Olson, Dirk -- Miller, Andy O -- Montgomery, Kate -- Mounzer, Karam C -- Nagami, Ellen H -- Nagin, Iris -- Nahass, Ronald G -- Nelson, Margret O -- Nielsen, Craig -- Norene, David L -- O'Connor, David H -- Ojikutu, Bisola O -- Okulicz, Jason -- Oladehin, Olakunle O -- Oldfield, Edward C 3rd -- Olender, Susan A -- Ostrowski, Mario -- Owen, William F Jr -- Pae, Eunice -- Parsonnet, Jeffrey -- Pavlatos, Andrew M -- Perlmutter, Aaron M -- Pierce, Michael N -- Pincus, Jonathan M -- Pisani, Leandro -- Price, Lawrence Jay -- Proia, Laurie -- Prokesch, Richard C -- Pujet, Heather Calderon -- Ramgopal, Moti -- Rathod, Almas -- Rausch, Michael -- Ravishankar, J -- Rhame, Frank S -- Richards, Constance Shamuyarira -- Richman, Douglas D -- Rodes, Berta -- Rodriguez, Milagros -- Rose, Richard C 3rd -- Rosenberg, Eric S -- Rosenthal, Daniel -- Ross, Polly E -- Rubin, David S -- Rumbaugh, Elease -- Saenz, Luis -- Salvaggio, Michelle R -- Sanchez, William C -- Sanjana, Veeraf M -- Santiago, Steven -- Schmidt, Wolfgang -- Schuitemaker, Hanneke -- Sestak, Philip M -- Shalit, Peter -- Shay, William -- Shirvani, Vivian N -- Silebi, Vanessa I -- Sizemore, James M Jr -- Skolnik, Paul R -- Sokol-Anderson, Marcia -- Sosman, James M -- Stabile, Paul -- Stapleton, Jack T -- Starrett, Sheree -- Stein, Francine -- Stellbrink, Hans-Jurgen -- Sterman, F Lisa -- Stone, Valerie E -- Stone, David R -- Tambussi, Giuseppe -- Taplitz, Randy A -- Tedaldi, Ellen M -- Theisen, William -- Torres, Richard -- Tosiello, Lorraine -- Tremblay, Cecile -- Tribble, Marc A -- Trinh, Phuong D -- Tsao, Alice -- Ueda, Peggy -- Vaccaro, Anthony -- Valadas, Emilia -- Vanig, Thanes J -- Vecino, Isabel -- Vega, Vilma M -- Veikley, Wenoah -- Wade, Barbara H -- Walworth, Charles -- Wanidworanun, Chingchai -- Ward, Douglas J -- Warner, Daniel A -- Weber, Robert D -- Webster, Duncan -- Weis, Steve -- Wheeler, David A -- White, David J -- Wilkins, Ed -- Winston, Alan -- Wlodaver, Clifford G -- van't Wout, Angelique -- Wright, David P -- Yang, Otto O -- Yurdin, David L -- Zabukovic, Brandon W -- Zachary, Kimon C -- Zeeman, Beth -- Zhao, Meng -- AI030914/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI068636/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI069415/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI069419/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI069423/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI069424/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI069428/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI069432/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI069434/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI069450/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI069452/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI069465/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI069471/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI069472/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI069474/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI069477/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI069484/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI069495/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI069501/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI069502/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI069511/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI069513/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI069532/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI069556/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI077505/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI087145/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI25859/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI27661/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI28568/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI30914/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI34835/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI34853/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI38844/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI46370/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI68634/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI69467/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AL32782/PHS HHS/ -- HHSN261200800001E/PHS HHS/ -- K23 DA019809/DA/NIDA NIH HHS/ -- K24 AI051966/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- K24 AI064086/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- K24 AI064086-05/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- K24 AI069994/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- K24 AI069994-04/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- K24 AI069994-05/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- K24AI069994/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- KL2 RR024977/RR/NCRR NIH HHS/ -- MH071205/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/ -- MH085520/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/ -- P-30 AI27763/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- P-30-AI060354/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- P30 AI027763/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- P30 AI027763-19/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- P30 AI027763-20/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- P30 AI050410/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- P30 AI060354/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- P30 AI060354-08/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- P30 AI060354-09/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R01 AI028568/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R01 AI028568-18/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R01 AI028568-19/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R01 AI028568-20/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R01 AI030914/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R01 AI030914-16/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R01 AI030914-17/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R01 AI077505/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R01 AI077505-04/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R01 AI077505-05/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R01 AI087145/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R01 AI087145-01/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R01 AI087145-02/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R01 MH054907/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/ -- R01 MH071205/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/ -- R01 MH071205-04/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/ -- R01 MH071205-05/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/ -- R24 AI067039/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R24 AI067039-06/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R24 AI067039-07/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R37 AI028568/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R37 AI028568-15/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- RR024975/RR/NCRR NIH HHS/ -- T32 AI007061/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- TL1 RR024978/RR/NCRR NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI027661-18/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI027661-19/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI032782-13/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI034835-07/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI034835-07S3/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI034853/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI034853-11/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI034853-12/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI038844-04/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI038844-04S1/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI038844-04S2/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI038844-04S3/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI046370-04/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI046370-05/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI069419/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI069419-05/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI069419-06/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI069423/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI069423-05/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI069423-06/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI069424/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI069424-05/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI069424-06/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI069428/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI069428-05/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI069428-06/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI069432/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI069432-05/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI069432-06/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI069434/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI069434-05/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI069434-06/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI069450/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI069450-05/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI069450-06/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI069452/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI069452-05/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI069452-06/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI069465/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI069465-05/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI069465-06/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI069467/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI069467-05/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI069467-06/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI069471/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI069471-05/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI069471-06/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI069472/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI069472-05/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI069472-06/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI069474/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI069474-05/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI069474-06/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI069477/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI069477-05/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI069477-06/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI069484/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI069484-05/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI069484-06/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI069495/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI069495-05/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI069495-06/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI069501/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI069501-05/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI069501-06/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI069502/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI069502-05/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI069502-06/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI069511/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI069511-05/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI069511-06/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI069513-05/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI069513-06/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI069532/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI069532-05/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI069532-06/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI069556-05/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI069556-06/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 MH085520/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/ -- U01 MH085520-01/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/ -- UL1 RR024131/RR/NCRR NIH HHS/ -- UL1 RR024131-06/RR/NCRR NIH HHS/ -- UL1 RR024131-07/RR/NCRR NIH HHS/ -- UL1 RR024975/RR/NCRR NIH HHS/ -- UL1 RR024975-04/RR/NCRR NIH HHS/ -- UL1 RR024975-05/RR/NCRR NIH HHS/ -- UM1 AI068634/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- UM1 AI068634-06/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- UM1 AI068634-07/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- UM1 AI068636-06/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- UM1 AI068636-07/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- UM1 AI069477/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- Howard Hughes Medical Institute/ -- Intramural NIH HHS/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2010 Dec 10;330(6010):1551-7. doi: 10.1126/science.1195271. Epub 2010 Nov 4.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Ragon Institute of Massachusetts General Hospital, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and Harvard, Boston, MA, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21051598" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: African Americans/genetics ; Alleles ; Amino Acids/physiology ; *Antigen Presentation ; CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes/immunology ; Cohort Studies ; Disease Progression ; European Continental Ancestry Group/genetics ; *Genes, MHC Class I ; Genome-Wide Association Study ; HIV Antigens/immunology ; HIV Infections/ethnology/*genetics/*immunology/virology ; HIV Long-Term Survivors ; *HIV-1/immunology ; HLA-A Antigens/chemistry/genetics/immunology/metabolism ; HLA-B Antigens/chemistry/*genetics/immunology/metabolism ; HLA-C Antigens/chemistry/genetics/immunology/metabolism ; Haplotypes ; Hispanic Americans/genetics ; Humans ; Immunity, Innate ; Logistic Models ; Models, Molecular ; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide ; Protein Conformation ; Viral Load
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2015-01-07
    Description: Despite antiretroviral therapy (ART), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 persists in a stable latent reservoir, primarily in resting memory CD4(+) T cells. This reservoir presents a major barrier to the cure of HIV-1 infection. To purge the reservoir, pharmacological reactivation of latent HIV-1 has been proposed and tested both in vitro and in vivo. A key remaining question is whether virus-specific immune mechanisms, including cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs), can clear infected cells in ART-treated patients after latency is reversed. Here we show that there is a striking all or none pattern for CTL escape mutations in HIV-1 Gag epitopes. Unless ART is started early, the vast majority (〉98%) of latent viruses carry CTL escape mutations that render infected cells insensitive to CTLs directed at common epitopes. To solve this problem, we identified CTLs that could recognize epitopes from latent HIV-1 that were unmutated in every chronically infected patient tested. Upon stimulation, these CTLs eliminated target cells infected with autologous virus derived from the latent reservoir, both in vitro and in patient-derived humanized mice. The predominance of CTL-resistant viruses in the latent reservoir poses a major challenge to viral eradication. Our results demonstrate that chronically infected patients retain a broad-spectrum viral-specific CTL response and that appropriate boosting of this response may be required for the elimination of the latent reservoir.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4406054/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4406054/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Deng, Kai -- Pertea, Mihaela -- Rongvaux, Anthony -- Wang, Leyao -- Durand, Christine M -- Ghiaur, Gabriel -- Lai, Jun -- McHugh, Holly L -- Hao, Haiping -- Zhang, Hao -- Margolick, Joseph B -- Gurer, Cagan -- Murphy, Andrew J -- Valenzuela, David M -- Yancopoulos, George D -- Deeks, Steven G -- Strowig, Till -- Kumar, Priti -- Siliciano, Janet D -- Salzberg, Steven L -- Flavell, Richard A -- Shan, Liang -- Siliciano, Robert F -- 1U19AI096109/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI096113/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- K08 HL127269/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS/ -- P30 AI094189/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- P30AI094189/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R01 AI043222/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R01 AI051178/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- T32 AI007019/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- T32 AI07019/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- T32 HL007525/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS/ -- U19 AI096109/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U19 AI096113/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- Howard Hughes Medical Institute/ -- England -- Nature. 2015 Jan 15;517(7534):381-5. doi: 10.1038/nature14053. Epub 2015 Jan 7.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA. ; 1] Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA [2] Center for Computational Biology, McKusick-Nathans Institute of Genetic Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA. ; Department of Immunobiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06510, USA. ; Department of Chronic Disease Epidemiology, Yale School of Public Health, New Haven, Connecticut 06510, USA. ; Department of Oncology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA. ; Deep Sequencing and Microarray Core, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA. ; Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA. ; Regeneron Pharmaceuticals Inc., Tarrytown, New York 10591, USA. ; Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94110, USA. ; Department of Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06510, USA. ; 1] Center for Computational Biology, McKusick-Nathans Institute of Genetic Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA [2] Department of Biomedical Engineering, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA. ; 1] Department of Immunobiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06510, USA [2] Howard Hughes Medical Institute, New Haven, Connecticut 06510, USA. ; 1] Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA [2] Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25561180" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Acute Disease/therapy ; Animals ; Anti-HIV Agents/administration & dosage/pharmacology/therapeutic use ; CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes/cytology/immunology/virology ; Chronic Disease/drug therapy ; Epitopes, T-Lymphocyte/genetics/immunology ; Female ; Genes, Dominant/*genetics ; Genes, Viral/*genetics ; HIV Infections/blood/drug therapy/immunology/virology ; HIV-1/drug effects/*genetics/growth & development/*immunology ; Humans ; Male ; Mice ; Mutation/*genetics ; RNA, Viral/blood ; T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic/*immunology ; Viral Load/drug effects ; Virus Latency/genetics/*immunology ; Virus Replication/immunology ; gag Gene Products, Human Immunodeficiency Virus/genetics/immunology
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2010-05-07
    Description: Without therapy, most people infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) ultimately progress to AIDS. Rare individuals ('elite controllers') maintain very low levels of HIV RNA without therapy, thereby making disease progression and transmission unlikely. Certain HLA class I alleles are markedly enriched in elite controllers, with the highest association observed for HLA-B57 (ref. 1). Because HLA molecules present viral peptides that activate CD8(+) T cells, an immune-mediated mechanism is probably responsible for superior control of HIV. Here we describe how the peptide-binding characteristics of HLA-B57 molecules affect thymic development such that, compared to other HLA-restricted T cells, a larger fraction of the naive repertoire of B57-restricted clones recognizes a viral epitope, and these T cells are more cross-reactive to mutants of targeted epitopes. Our calculations predict that such a T-cell repertoire imposes strong immune pressure on immunodominant HIV epitopes and emergent mutants, thereby promoting efficient control of the virus. Supporting these predictions, in a large cohort of HLA-typed individuals, our experiments show that the relative ability of HLA-B alleles to control HIV correlates with their peptide-binding characteristics that affect thymic development. Our results provide a conceptual framework that unifies diverse empirical observations, and have implications for vaccination strategies.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3098720/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3098720/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Kosmrlj, Andrej -- Read, Elizabeth L -- Qi, Ying -- Allen, Todd M -- Altfeld, Marcus -- Deeks, Steven G -- Pereyra, Florencia -- Carrington, Mary -- Walker, Bruce D -- Chakraborty, Arup K -- DP1 OD001022/OD/NIH HHS/ -- DP1 OD001022-04/OD/NIH HHS/ -- HHSN261200800001E/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- HHSN261200800001E/PHS HHS/ -- P30 AI060354/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R01 AI030914/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R01 AI030914-07/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R01 AI030914-09/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- Howard Hughes Medical Institute/ -- Intramural NIH HHS/ -- England -- Nature. 2010 May 20;465(7296):350-4. doi: 10.1038/nature08997. Epub 2010 May 5.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Ragon Institute of MGH, MIT and Harvard, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20445539" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Algorithms ; Alleles ; Autoantigens/immunology ; CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes/*cytology/*immunology ; Cohort Studies ; Cross Reactions/immunology ; Disease Progression ; Genes, MHC Class I/genetics/immunology ; HIV Infections/*immunology ; HIV-1/chemistry/genetics/growth & development/immunology ; HLA-B Antigens/genetics/*immunology ; Host-Pathogen Interactions/immunology ; Humans ; Immunodominant Epitopes ; Models, Immunological ; Protein Binding ; Thymus Gland/cytology/*immunology ; Viral Load/immunology
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 9
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    Nature Publishing Group (NPG)
    Publication Date: 2011-09-03
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Deeks, Steven G -- England -- Nature. 2011 Aug 31;477(7362):36-7. doi: 10.1038/477036a.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21886150" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Anti-Retroviral Agents/*pharmacology/*therapeutic use ; Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active ; HIV Infections/*drug therapy/*virology ; HIV-1/*drug effects ; Humans ; Virus Replication/*drug effects
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 2011-04-19
    Description: The HLA-C locus is distinct relative to the other classical HLA class I loci in that it has relatively limited polymorphism, lower expression on the cell surface, and more extensive ligand-receptor interactions with killer-cell immunoglobulin-like receptors. A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) 35 kb upstream of HLA-C (rs9264942; termed -35) associates with control of HIV, and with levels of HLA-C messenger RNA transcripts and cell-surface expression, but the mechanism underlying its varied expression is unknown. We proposed that the -35 SNP is not the causal variant for differential HLA-C expression, but rather is marking another polymorphism that directly affects levels of HLA-C. Here we show that variation within the 3' untranslated region (UTR) of HLA-C regulates binding of the microRNA hsa-miR-148 to its target site, resulting in relatively low surface expression of alleles that bind this microRNA and high expression of HLA-C alleles that escape post-transcriptional regulation. The 3' UTR variant associates strongly with control of HIV, potentially adding to the effects of genetic variation encoding the peptide-binding region of the HLA class I loci. Variation in HLA-C expression adds another layer of diversity to this highly polymorphic locus that must be considered when deciphering the function of these molecules in health and disease.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3084326/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3084326/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Kulkarni, Smita -- Savan, Ram -- Qi, Ying -- Gao, Xiaojiang -- Yuki, Yuko -- Bass, Sara E -- Martin, Maureen P -- Hunt, Peter -- Deeks, Steven G -- Telenti, Amalio -- Pereyra, Florencia -- Goldstein, David -- Wolinsky, Steven -- Walker, Bruce -- Young, Howard A -- Carrington, Mary -- 5-M01-RR-00722/RR/NCRR NIH HHS/ -- HHSN261200800001E/CO/NCI NIH HHS/ -- HHSN261200800001E/PHS HHS/ -- N02-CP-55504/CP/NCI NIH HHS/ -- P30 AI060354/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R01-DA04334/DA/NIDA NIH HHS/ -- R01-DA12568/DA/NIDA NIH HHS/ -- U01-AI-35039/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01-AI-35040/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01-AI-35041/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01-AI-35042/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01-AI-35043/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01-AI-37613/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01-AI-37984/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- UL1 RR024131/RR/NCRR NIH HHS/ -- Intramural NIH HHS/ -- England -- Nature. 2011 Apr 28;472(7344):495-8. doi: 10.1038/nature09914. Epub 2011 Apr 17.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Cancer and Inflammation Program, Laboratory of Experimental Immunology, SAIC-Frederick, Inc., NCI-Frederick, Frederick, Maryland, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21499264" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: 3' Untranslated Regions/genetics ; Alleles ; Base Sequence ; Cell Line ; *Gene Expression Regulation/genetics/immunology ; Genes, Reporter/genetics ; HIV/*immunology ; HIV Infections/*genetics/*immunology/therapy ; HLA-C Antigens/*genetics ; Humans ; MicroRNAs/*genetics ; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics ; Viral Load
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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