Polymer and Materials Science
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Celluloses from a variety of common sources were analyzed for availabilities of O(2)H, O(3)H, and O(6)H in order to estimate the extent of hydrogen bonding on accessible fibrillar surfaces. Celluloses from flax, ramie, sisal, and wood (both cellulose I and II from wood) together with liquid NH3-swollen cotton and NaOH-swollen cotton (cellulose II) had relative availabilities similar to those of native cotton. Celluloses from Valonia centricosa and in rayon samples stood apart from each other and from the “cotton family.” The difference between Valonia and cotton celluloses appears to result, in addition to the accepted smaller, less perfect crystallites in cotton, from an O(2)H hydrogen bond which is likely the intramolecular bond between O(2)H and O(6′)H that is present in Valonia and absent in cotton. Rayon samples also showed evidence of similar bonds involving O(2)H on accessible surfaces. Since the regenerated rayons had relative availabilities different from those of mercerized cotton and wood cellulose samples, it is proposed that chain packing arrangements are not the same in these two types of cellulose II.
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