Core-top samples from different ocean basins have been analyzed to refine our current understanding of the sensitivity of benthic foraminiferal calcite magnesium/calcium (Mg/Ca) to bottom water temperatures (BWT). Benthic foraminifera collected from Hawaii, Little Bahama Bank, Sea of Okhotsk, Gulf of California, NE Atlantic, Ceara Rise, Sierra Leone Rise, the Ontong Java Plateau, and the Southern Ocean covering a temperature range of 0.8 to 18°C were used to revise the Cibicidoides Mg/Ca-temperature calibration. The Mg/Ca-BWT relationship of three common Cibicidoides species is described by an exponential equation: Mg/Ca = 0.867 ± 0.049 exp (0.109 ± 0.007 * BWT) (stated errors are 95% CI). The temperature sensitivity is very similar to a previously published calibration. However, the revised calibration has a significantly different preexponential constant, resulting in different predicted absolute temperatures. We attribute this difference in the preexponential constant to an analytical issue of accuracy. Some genera, notably Uvigerina, show apparently lower temperature sensitivity than others, suggesting that the use of constant offsets to account for vital effects in Mg/Ca may not be appropriate. Downcore Mg/Ca reproducibility, as determined on replicate foraminiferal samples, is typically better than 0.1 mmol/mol (2 S.E.). Thus, considering the errors associated with the Cibicidoides calibration and the downcore reproducibility, BWT may be estimated to within ±1°C. Application of the revised core-top Mg/Ca-BWT data to Cenozoic foraminiferal Mg/Ca suggests that seawater Mg/Ca was not more than 35% lower than today in the ice-free ocean at 50 Ma.
application/zip, 4 datasets