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  • 1
    ISSN: 1476-4687
    Source: Nature Archives 1869 - 2009
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Notes: [Auszug] The Siple riometer operates at 30 MHz and has a response time of 0.25 s to increases or decreases in signal intensity1. It utilises a zenith-directed dipole antenna with half-power at 30. The antenna pattern projected to 100km altitude covers a circular area of approximately 120 km diameter. The ...
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2017-10-02
    Description: HF wave propagation experiments were conducted on Mother-Daughter rockets in the polar ionosphere. Swept frequency transmissions from the Mother, nominally covering the range from 0.5 to 5 MHz in both CW and pulse modes, are received by the Daughter. In the most recent rocket of the series, the Mother also contained an AC electric field spectrometer covering the frequency range from 10 Hz to 100 kHz in four decade bands. The low frequency response of the ionosphere with respect to waves emitted from the onboard HF transmitter is examined.
    Keywords: COMMUNICATIONS AND RADAR
    Type: AGARD Artificial Modification of Propagation Media; 11 p
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1572-9672
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: Abstract The Polar Ionospheric X-ray Imaging Experiment (PIXIE) is an X-ray multiple-pinhole camera designed to image simultaneously an entire auroral region from high altitudes. It will be mounted on the despun platform of the POLAR spacecraft and will measure the spatial distribution and temporal variation of auroral X-ray emissions in the 2 to 60 keV energy range on the day side of the Earth as well as the night. PIXIE consists of two pinhole cameras integrated into one assembly, each equipped with an adjustable aperture plate that allows an optimum number of nonoverlapping images to be formed in the detector plane at each phase of the satellite's eccentric orbit. The aperture plates also allow the pinhole size to be adjusted so that the experimenter can trade off spatial resolution against instrument sensitivity. In the principal mode of operation, one aperture plate will be positioned for high spatial resolution and the other for high sensitivity. The detectors consist of four stacked multiwire position-sensitive proportional counters, two in each of two separate gas chambers. The front chamber operates in the 2–12 keV energy range and the rear chamber in the 10–60 keV range. All of the energy and position information for each telemetered X-ray event is available on the ground. This enables the experimenter to adjust the exposure timepostfacto so that energy spectra of each X-ray emitting region can be independently accumulated. From these data PIXIE will provide, for the first time, global images of precipitated energetic electron spectra, energy inputs, ionospheric electron densities, and upper atmospheric conductivities.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2006-01-12
    Description: As a working definition of the extent of the middle atmosphere (MA), the height range from 30 to 100 km was adopted. The neutral and ionic composition and the dynamics within this height range are, for the most part, poorly understood. From available information, the importance of various particle and photon energy sources, including their variability, for ionization of the neutral atmosphere in this height range is assessed. The following topics are discussed: (1) penetration of the MA by particle and electromagnetic energy; (2) ionization sources for the MA; (3) galactic cosmic rays; (4) solar H Ly alpha, other EUV, and X-rays; (5) magnetospheric electrons and bremsstrahlung X-rays; and (6) solar cosmic rays.
    Keywords: GEOPHYSICS
    Type: NASA. Goddard Space Flight Center Middle Atmosphere Electrodyn.; p 43-70
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2011-08-16
    Description: Magnetospheric substorms relationship to interplanetary magnetic field and solar wind plasma parameters, noting dominant effect of interplanetary southward component
    Keywords: SPACE SCIENCES
    Type: ; 331-335. (
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2011-08-16
    Description: The effect of trapped and precipitated particles in the magnetosphere on the measurement of galactic X-rays and gamma rays is discussed. To minimize contamination caused by electron precipitation, most galactic X-ray and gamma ray measurements are conducted at equatorial or relatively low to middle latitudes where the influence of auroral effects is expected to be small. Substorm-related VLF phase perturbations also affect the measurements. If such perturbation are indicative of electron precipitation at middle to low latitudes, then their relatively high frequency of occurrence, as many as 100 per year, is evidence that electron precipitation at these latitudes may pose a problem to some galactic X-ray and gamma ray measurements. Charts and maps are presented to show: (1) phase recordings from sixteen sub-ionospheric VLF propagation paths, (2) map of great circle propagation paths, (3) ionization rates in the nighttime ionosphere due to several sources, and (4) computer phase variation for the NLK-APL path versus electron flux for different e-folding energies.
    Keywords: SPACE RADIATION
    Type: NASA. Goddard Space Flight Center Proc. of the Workshop on Electron Contamination in X-ray Astronomy Expt.; 14 p
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2011-08-16
    Description: Experimental observations from a variety of sources made during a substorm period near 0900 UT on January 2, 1971 have provided evidence confirming mid-latitude and subauroral phenomena associated with magnetic substorm activity. A review of these observations, including ground and balloon observations made near L=4 at the conjugate stations Siple, Antarctica and Roberval, Canada and data obtained from the synchronous-orbit satellite ATS 5 positioned about 2 hours west of the Siple, Roberval meridian, is presented. During the hour before the reported correlated bursts of X rays and VLF noise (Rosenberg et al., 1971), the plasmapause appears to be displaced towards the equator from Siple; resonance conditions along the field lines at Siple were favorable for the observation of results of magnetospheric wave-particle interactions involving electrons with energies exceeding 30 keV. The correlated observations are a potential source of information concerning the relationship of ULF and VHF noise activity to the magnetospheric particle population at middle latitudes; the injection and subsequent drift of low and medium energy electrons during substorms; and enhanced particle precipitation deep within the plasmasphere during substorms.
    Keywords: GEOPHYSICS
    Type: Journal of Geophysical Research; 80; Nov. 1
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2011-08-18
    Description: For three magnetically disturbed days in early 1980, data from south polar masses of the Magsat satellite are compared with data from search coil magnetometer, riometer, and photometer instrumentation at Siple, Antarctica. It is found that during each Magsat polar pass in the morning sector, the level of Pi 1 activity correlates well with the intensities of three-dimensional current systems. Fine structure is often observed in the field-aligned currents during periods of intense Pi activity. Among the Birkeland currents are 2-s to 10-s (16-80 km) structured perturbations; these are evident in the transverse components of the field and are thought to indicate filamentary currents. Pi 1 amplitudes are found to be considerably larger when region 2 Birkeland currents are overhead than when they are not. In one case, detailed features are identified in the high-resolution Magsat magnetic field data that may be current fluctuations related to asymmetric Pi 1.
    Keywords: GEOPHYSICS
    Type: Journal of Geophysical Research (ISSN 0148-0227); 89; 1602-161
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 2011-08-16
    Description: Two events in August 1967, categorized as relativistic electron precipitation (REP) events by their effect on VHF transmissions propagated via the forward-scatter mode, have been examined with regard to the energy spectra of trapped and precipitated electrons. These two substorm-associated events August 11 and August 25 differ with respect to the relativistic, trapped electron population at synchronous altitude; in the August 25 event there was a nonadiabatic enhancement of relativistic (greater than 400 keV) electrons, while in the August 11 event no relativistic electrons were produced. In both events electron spectra deduced from bremsstrahlung measurements (made on a field line close to that of the satellite) had approximately the same e-folding energies as the trapped electron enhancements. However, the spectrum of electrons in the August 25 event was significantly harder than the spectrum in the event of August 11.
    Keywords: GEOPHYSICS
    Type: Journal of Atmospheric and Terrestrial Physics; 34; Dec. 197
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 2011-08-16
    Description: Temporal history of 25-26 August 1967 magnetospheric substorm, discussing magnetotail plasma sheet thinning, partial ring current buildup and magnetic bays development
    Keywords: SPACE SCIENCES
    Type: ; YSICA STATUS SOLIDI
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