Dynamic kinetic resolution
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
---A diastereoselective synthesis of tert-butyl-1,2-diamines has been developed from the addition of tert-butylmagnesium chloride to the 1,2-bisimines derived from glyoxal and chiral amines such as 1-(S)-ethylphenylamine, 1-(S)-phenylpropylamine or 1-(S)-(p-chlorophenyl)ethylamine. The influence of solvent, temperature and chiral auxiliaries on the chemical reactivity and stereoselectivity has been fully studied. Evidence of a dynamic kinetic resolution during the bis-addition process of the organometallic, leading to the 1,2-di-tert-butylethanediamine, as a single diastereomer, has been demonstrated. This resolution has been applied with high diastereoselectivities to the synthesis of unsymmetrical disubstituted 1,2-diamines, by addition of one equivalent of tert-butylmagnesium chloride, followed by one equivalent of a second Grignard reagent. Several chiral 1-tert-butyl-1,2-diamines have also been synthesized by monoaddition of tert-butylmagnesium chloride to the bisimines, followed by hydride reduction of the chiral intermediate imines.
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