1H, 13C, 15N and 17O NMR chemical shifts
1H and 13C NMR coupling constants
X-ray crystal structure of 2-nitramino-3-nitropyridine
Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
The 15N NMR spectra for 21 aminonitropyridines were measured and their chemical shifts assigned. The 1H and 13C NMR chemical shifts and spin-spin coupling constants were also determined for 16 compounds of this series. In order to relate the structural properties of nitramino groups and their 15N NMR chemical shifts in 2- and 4-nitramino-3-nitropyridines, which differ remarkably from all other amino groups studied, low-temperature 1H NMR, 17O NMR, comparative INEPT and IR spectroscopic studies were carried out. In addition, the x-ray crystal structure of 2-nitramino-3-nitropyridine was determined. Comparative spectroscopic studies showed that the nitramino derivatives exhibit different characteristics to the other compounds studied. Based on the x-ray structural data, the nitramino group differs markedly from separate aryl-bound amino and nitro groups. The nitramino group does not exhibit prototropic tautomerism in the crystalline state. This is in agreement with the small variation in the 15N NMR chemical shifts of the pyridine nitrogen, which excludes the prevalence of pyridinium ions. Among the four NMR nuclei studied, 15N seems to possess the best predictive power regarding the exceptional properties of the nitramino group.
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