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  • 1
    Monograph available for loan
    Monograph available for loan
    California : SUN Press
    Call number: PIK M 032-94-0487
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: 444 p.
    ISBN: 0130386707 , 0-13-039645-1
    Branch Library: PIK Library
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0168-9452
    Keywords: Germination ; Helianthus annuus ; Mitochondria ; NADP-isocitrate dehydrogenase ; Sunflower seed axes
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Biology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-0800
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Energy, Environment Protection, Nuclear Power Engineering , Medicine
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1432-072X
    Keywords: Bacteriochlorophyll ; Chloroflexus ; Chlorosome ; Green bacteria
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract Chloroflexus aurantiacus grown in batch culture took up exogenous alcohols and incorporated these into bacteriochlorophyll c as the esterifying alcohol. It was possible to change the distribution of the naturally occurring homologs of bacteriochlorophyll c esterified with phytol, hexadecanol, and octadecanol by adding the appropriate alcohol. The corresponding homolog then made up at least 60% of the cellular bacteriochlorophyll c. It was also possible to obtain novel bacteriochlorophyll homologs not found in detectable amounts in control cells by adding fatty alcohols with short chains (C10, C12) or long chains (C20). These changes in bacteriochlorophyll composition had no detectable effects on the spectral properties of the chlorosomes.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1432-072X
    Keywords: Heterocyst isolation ; Osmoregulators ; Cyanobacteria ; Nitrogen fixation ; Anabaena variabilis
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract A method is described for the preparation of cyanobacterial heterocysts with high nitrogen-fixation (acetylene-reduction) activity supported by endogenous reductants. The starting material was Anabaena variabilis ATCC 29413 grown in the light in the presence of fructose. Heterocysts produced from such cyanobacteria were more active than those from photoautotrophically-grown A. variabilis, presumably because higher reserves of carbohydrate were stored within the heterocysts. It proved important to avoid subjecting the cyanobacteria to low temperatures under aerobic conditions, as inhibition of respiration appeared to lead to inactivation of nitrogenase. Low temperatures were not harmful in the absence of O2. A number of potential osmoregulators at various concentrations were tested for use in heterocyst isolation. The optimal concentration (0.2M sucrose) proved to be a compromise between adequate osmotic protection for isolated heterocysts and avoidance of inhibition of nitrogenase by high osmotic strength. Isolated heterocysts without added reductants such as H2 had about half the nitrogen-fixation activity expected on the basis of intact filaments. H2 did not increase the rate of acetylene reduction, suggesting that the supply of reductant from heterocyst metabolism did not limit nitrogen fixation under these conditions. Such heterocysts had linear rates of acetylene reduction for at least 2 h, and retained their full potential for at least 12 h when stored at 0°C under N2.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1432-0800
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Energy, Environment Protection, Nuclear Power Engineering , Medicine
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1432-072X
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract The activity of hydrogenase in intact cells of the unicellular cyanobacterium Cyanothece PCC 7822 was investigated using a mass spectrometer with a permeable membrane inlet. A small hydrogenase-catalyzed hydrogen production was observed with nitrate-grown cells under anoxic conditions in the dark. The same cells were also capable of a much greater rate of hydrogen uptake, induced by oxygen as well as light. Light-induced hydrogen uptake was inhibited by uncoupler. In contrast, addition of uncoupler caused a four-fold stimulation of anoxic hydrogen production in the dark. It is suggested that anoxic hydrogen production is the result of fermentative metabolism. Cyanobacteria are generally considered to have at least two distinct hydrogenases (Houchins 1984). One is a membrane-bound uptake hydrogenase which appears to be associated with nitrogen fixation, removing the hydrogen produced by nitrogenase with the concomitant production of reductant or ATP (Eisbrenner et al. 1978). The second is a reversible hydrogenase located in the cytoplasm and not closely linked to nitrogen metabolism. The reversible character of this enzyme can be demonstrated in the presence of suitable electron donors or acceptors; hydrogen consumption and evolution occur at similar rates (Lambert and Smith 1980). A reversible hydrogenase capable of reducing protons with the artificial electron donor couple dithionite and methyl viologen is widely distributed amongst cyanobacteria. However its physiological role remains unclear. The enzyme appears to be sensitive to oxygen, and consequently in vivo activity can only be demonstrated under anoxic conditions (Houchins 1984). On the basis of in vivo measurements with tritium and the observed low K m for hydrogen, the function of the reversible hydrogenase of the heterocystous cyanobacterium Anabaena has been proposed to be the uptake of hydrogen as a means of collecting additional reducing power during growth in light-limited anoxic environments (Spiller et al. 1983; Houchins 1984). However, Hallenbeck et al. (1981) reported a modest production of hydrogen by intact filaments of Anabaena. An example of a function of the reversible hydrogenase in the production of hydrogen is provided by the nonheterocystous filamentous cyanobacterium Oscillatoria limnetica. This organism is capable of shifting between oxygenic and anoxygenic photosynthesis (Oren and Padan 1978). In the latter case sulfide is the electron donor supporting photoreduction of CO2 via photosystem I only. However when CO2 is limiting, excess reducing equivalents are removed by a reversible hydrogenase (Belkin and Padan 1978). This hydrogen production probably enables the organism to continue photophosphorylation under these conditions. We recently reported that the unicellular cyanobacterium Cyanothece 7822 is capable of hydrogenase-catalyzed hydrogen production in vivo, without the addition of artificial reductants (Van der Oost et al. 1987). In this paper we have investigated the in vivo activity of the hydrogenase in Cyanothece by monitoring the concentrations of dissolved H2 and O2 in the cell suspension using a mass spectrometer with a permeable membrane inlet.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 8
    ISSN: 1432-072X
    Keywords: Chlorogloeopsis ; Continuous culture ; Cyanobacterium ; Nitrogen fixation ; Oxygen effects ; Photosynthesis ; Respiration ; Temperature effects ; Thermophile
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract The effect of temperature and oxygen on diazotrophic growth of the thermophilic cyanobacterium HTF (High Temperature Form) Chlorogloeopsis was investigated using cells grown in light-limited continuous culture at a dilution rate of 0.02 h-1. Diazotrophy was more sensitive to elevated temperatures than growth with combined nitrogen. The maximum temperature for growth of cultures gassed with CO2-enriched air was more than 55 °C but less than 60 °C with N2 as the sole nitrogen source, but between 60°C and 65°C when nitrate was present in the medium. The effect of temperature on nitrogenase activity, photosynthesis and respiration in the dark was determined using cells grown at 55°C. Maximal rates of all three processes were observed at 55°C and rates at 60°C during shortterm incubations were not less than 75% of the maximum. However, nitrogenase activity at 60°C was unstable and decayed at a rate of 2.2 h-1 under air and at 0.3 h-1 under argon. Photosynthesis and respiration were more stable at 60°C than anoxic nitrogen fixation. The upper temperature limits for diazotrophic growth thus seem to be set by the stability of nitrogenase.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 9
    ISSN: 1432-072X
    Keywords: Cyanobacteria ; Respiration ; Nitrogen fixation ; Heterocysts ; K m for O2 ; Anabaena variabilis
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract Simultaneous measurements of acetylene reduction by Anabaena variabilis and the concentration of dissolved oxygen in the suspension were made using a specially designed vessel which allowed measurements under steady-state conditions. The rate of acetylene reduction in the dark increased with increasing oxygen concentrations until a maximum value was reached at 300 μM O2 (corresponding to 30% O2 in the gas phase at 35°C). This presumably results from a requirement for energy provided by respiration. Measurements of the dependence of respiration rate on dissolved oxygen concentration were made under comparable conditions using an open system to allow conditions close to steady-state to be obtained. The respiration rate of diazotrophically grown Anabaena variabilis had a dependence on oxygen concentration corresponding to the sum of two activities. These had K m values of 1.0 μM and 69 μM and values of V max of similar magnitude. Only the high affinity activity was observed in nitrate-grown cyanobacteria lacking heterocysts, and this presumably represent activity in the vegetative cells. The oxygen concentration dependence of the low affinity activity resembled that for the stimulation of acetylene reduction. We interpret this as the result of oxygen uptake by the heterocysts. The results are consistent with the idea that in intact filaments of cyanobacteria O2 enters heterocysts much more slowly than it enters the vegetative cells.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 10
    ISSN: 0309-0566
    Source: Emerald Fulltext Archive Database 1994-2005
    Topics: Economics
    Notes: In recent years, impression management and the application of the metaphor of behaviour as drama have found their way into the marketing literature. While such creative perspectives concerning the marketing enterprise are generally welcome, little effort has been devoted to providing a specific vehicle for their development. This special issue of the European Journal of Marketing represents an attempt to rectify that circumstance. Discusses in broad terms the relationship of impression management to marketing, while arguing that much room for applications such as impression management's drama metaphor abound. To demonstrate the efficacy of impression management for marketing, briefly presents the four articles that comprise this special issue. Finally, registers a call for continued work in the area of impression management's application to marketing.
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