Supplement to: Glacon, Georgette; Vergnaud-Grazzini, Colette; Iaccarino, Silvia Maria; Réhault, Jean-Pierre; Randrianasolo, Auran; Sierro, Francisco Javier; Weaver, Philip PE; Channell, James E T; Torii, Masayuki; Hawthorne, Teresa B (1990): Planktonic foraminiferal events and stable isotope records in the Upper Miocene, Site 654. In: Kastens, KA; Mascle, J; et al. (eds.), Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results, College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program), 107, 415-427, https://doi.org/10.2973/odp.proc.sr.107.157.1990
The late Miocene sediments of the Tyrrhenian ODP Site 654 encompass a deepening sequence which begins with glauconite shallow water sands followed by a rapid transition to deep water sediments and culminates with dolomitic mudstones associated with Messinian evaporites. The sequence compares well with the so-called 'Sahelian cycle' and with post-orogenic cycles recognized in peninsular Italy and Sicily. The studied interval, consisting of 55 m thick nannofossil oozes, belongs to the Globorotalia suterae subzone and lower part of the Globorotalia conomiozea Zone, indicating late Tortonian and early Messinian age, respectively. Biomagnetostratigraphic correlation assigns the Tortonian/ Messinian boundary an age of 6.44-6.45 Ma. In addition, six main events have been recognized, based on the range of keeled globorotaliids and coiling direction changes of keeled and unkeeled globorotaliids, which have been correlated to the geomagnetic time-scale. Comparison with North Atlantic sites and land sections of the Guadalquivir basin and northern Morocco provides good correlations with the events documented in these areas. In particular, Event IV, which predates the FO of Globorotalia conomiozea, may be used to recognize the Tortonian/Messinian boundary in extra-Mediterranean areas where G. conomiozea is missing. Variations in the distribution of different species of Globigerinoides are related to changes in the surficial marine environment. Although no clear trends can be recognized on the oxygen and carbon isotope records of Globigerinoides obliquus, the parallelism between the occurrence of low salinity species (G. sacculifer) and peaks of low 5180 values, as well as that of normal salinity species (G. obliquus) and peaks of high d18O values, suggests strong local changes of environmental conditions. The high amplitude of the fluctuations of d18O values suggests important variations in the salinity of the Tyrrhenian Sea, related to a rapidly changing water budget. The major feature of the carbon isotope record is a large decrease between 7.0 and 6.95 Ma, which therefore predates the 6.2 Ma global 'carbon shift'.
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