ISSN:
1432-0924

Source:
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000

Topics:
Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics

Notes:
Abstract A domain-adaptive technique which maps a time-dependent, curvilinear geometry into a unit square is used to determine the steady state mass absorption rate and the collapse of annular liquid jets. A method of lines is used to solve the one-dimensional fluid dynamics equations written in weak conservation-law form, and upwind differences are employed to evaluate the axial convective fluxes. The unknown, time-dependent, axial location of the downstream boundary is determined from the solution of an ordinary differential equation which is nonlinearly coupled to the fluid dynamics and gas concentration equations. The equation for the gas concentration in the annular liquid jet is written in strong conservation-law form and solved by means of a method of lines at high Peclet numbers and a line Gauss-Seidel method at low Peclet numbers. The effects of the number of grid points along and across the annular jet, time step, and discretization of the radial convective fluxes on both the steady state mass absorption rate and the jet's collapse rate have been analyzed on staggered and non-staggered grids. The steady state mass absorption rate and the collapse of annular liquid jets are determined as a function of the Froude, Peclet and Weber numbers, annular jet's thickness-to-radius ratio at the nozzle exit, initial pressure difference across the annular jet, nozzle exit angle, temperature of the gas enclosed by the annular jet, pressure of the gas surrounding the jet, solubilities at the inner and outer interfaces of the annular jet, and gas concentration at the nozzle exit. It is shown that the steady state mass absorption rate is proportional to the inverse square root of the Peclet number except for low values of this parameter, and that the possible mathematical incompatibilities in the concentration field at the nozzle exit exert a great influence on the steady state mass absorption rate and on the jet collapse. It is also shown that the steady state mass absorption rate increases as the Weber number, nozzle exit angle, gas concentration at the nozzle exit, and temperature of the gases enclosed by the annular liquid jet are increased, but it decreases as the Froude and Peclet numbers, and annular liquid jet's thickness-to-radius ratio at the nozzle exit are increased. It is also shown that the annular liquid jet's collapse rate increases as the Weber number, nozzle exit angle, temperature of the gases enclosed by the annular liquid jet, and pressure of the gases which surround the jet are increased, but decreases as the Froude and Peclet numbers, and annular liquid jet's thickness-toradius ratio at the nozzle exit are increased. It is also shown that both the ratio of the initial pressure of the gas enclosed by the jet to the pressure of the gas surrounding the jet and the ratio of solubilities at the annular liquid jet's inner and outer interfaces play an important role on both the steady state mass absorption rate and the jet collapse. If the product of these ratios is greater or less than one, both the pressure and the mass of the gas enclosed by the annular liquid jet decrease or increase, respectively, with time. It is also shown that the numerical results obtained with the conservative, domain-adaptive method of lines technique presented in this paper are in excellent agreement with those of a domain-adaptive, iterative, non-conservative, block-bidiagonal, finite difference method which uncouples the solution of the fluid dynamics equations from that of the convergence length.

Type of Medium:
Electronic Resource

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