ALBERT

All Library Books, journals and Electronic Records Telegrafenberg

feed icon rss

Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
  • 1
    Publication Date: 2017-02-14
    Description: The southern central Chilean margin at the site of the largest historically recorded earthquake in the Valdivia region, in 1960 (Mw = 9.5), is part of the 5000-km-long active subduction system whose geodynamic evolution is controversially debated and poorly understood. Covering the area between 36° and 40°S, the oceanic crust is segmented by prominent fracture zones. The offshore forearc and its onshore continuation show a complex image with segments of varying geophysical character, and several fault systems active during the past 24 m.y. In autumn 2001, the project SPOC was organized to study the Subduction Processes Off Chile, with a focus on the seismogenic coupling zone and the forearc. The acquired seismic data crossing the Chilean subduction system were gathered in a combined offshore-onshore survey and provide new insights into the lithospheric structure and evolution of active margins with insignificant frontal accretion.
    Type: Article , NonPeerReviewed
    Format: text
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    Publication Date: 2019-09-23
    Type: Conference or Workshop Item , NonPeerReviewed
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    Publication Date: 2019-07-05
    Description: Large-scale sea-ice thickness and surface property data were obtained in three summers and in three different sea-ice regimes in the Arctic Trans-Polar Drift (TPD) by means of helicopter electromagnetic sounding. Distribution functions P of sea-ice thickness and of the height, spacing, and density of sails were analyzed to characterize ice regimes of different ages and deformations. Results suggest that modal ice thickness is affected by the age of a sea-ice regime and that the degree of deformation is represented by the shape of P. Mean thickness changes with both age and deformation. Standard error calculations showed that representative mean and modal thickness could be obtained with transect lengths of 15 km and 50 km, respectively, in less deformed ice regimes such as those around the North Pole. In heavier deformed ice regimes closer to Greenland, 100 km transects were necessary for mean thickness determination and a representative modal thickness could not be obtained at all. Mean sail height did not differ between ice regimes, whereas sail density increased with the degree of deformation. Furthermore, the fraction of level ice, open melt ponds, and open water along the transects were determined. Although overall ice thickness in the central TPD was 50% thinner in 2007 than in 2001, first-year ice (FYI) was not significantly thinner in 2007 than FYI in 2001, with a decrease of only 0.3 m. Thinner FYI in 2007 only occurred close to the sea-ice edge, where open water covered more than 10% of the surface. Melt pond coverage retrieved from laser measurements was 15% in both the 2004 MYI regime and the 2007 FYI regime.
    Type: Article , PeerReviewed
    Format: text
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 4
    Publication Date: 2017-05-03
    Description: Ground-penetrating radar (GPR) surveys on glaciers are generally restricted to a single pair of bistatic dipole antennas orientated either parallel or perpendicular to the surveying direction. Extensive helicopter-borne and ground-based GPR investigations on the Glacier d’Otemma, Switzerland, demonstrated that the detectability of the ice-bedrock interface varies substantially with dipole orientation. We recorded several across and along profiles using two different commercial GPR systems operated with 15, 25, 50, and 70 MHz antennas. Dipole alignments parallel to the glacier flow generated considerably stronger and more coherent bedrock reflections compared with a perpendicular dipole setup. We observed the behavior for all the systems and antenna frequencies that we used. To help explain these findings, we performed 3D numerical modeling using the open source software gprMax. Simulations with 20 MHz transmitting and receiving dipoles indicated that the changes of the bedrock reflection amplitude are primarily governed by the bedrock topography. Scattering and intrinsic attenuation may also influence the amplitudes of the bedrock reflections, but these effects seem to be much less pronounced. Evidently, to increase the GPR bedrock reflection quality, dipole antennas should be orientated parallel to the glacier flow direction on a glacier confined to a valley. Because the directional dependence is a first-order effect, it is advisable to perform multicomponent surveys when the general shape of the bedrock topography is unknown. The multicomponent setup preferably consists of two sets of dipole antennas, each in broadside configuration and the sets being orthogonal to each other.
    Print ISSN: 0016-8033
    Electronic ISSN: 1942-2156
    Topics: Geosciences , Physics
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 5
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Canadian Aeronautics and Space Institute
    In:  Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing, 36 (1:Special Issue: Remote Sensing Innovations During the International Polar Year). pp. 196-210.
    Publication Date: 2014-12-22
    Description: Wind-driven coastal polynyas in the polar oceans are recognized as regions of extensive new ice formation in the cold season. Hence, they may play an increasing role in the uncertain future of the sea-ice budget in the polar oceans. The Laptev Sea polynyas in the Siberian Arctic are well recognized as being significant ice producers and might gain special attention with regards to ice volume changes in the Arctic. Long-term monitoring and characterization of these polynyas require stable methods to detect the area of open water and the growth, thickness, and evolution of thin ice. We examine different parameters and methods to observe polynya area and thin ice thickness during a prominent polynya event in the Laptev Sea in April 2008. These are derived from visible, infrared, and microwave satellite data. Airborne electromagnetic ice thickness measurements with high spatial resolution and aerial photography taken across the polynya are used to assess the feasibility of the methods for long-term and large-scale polynya monitoring within this area. Our results indicate that in the narrow flaw polynyas of the Laptev Sea the coarse resolution of commonly used microwave channel combinations provokes sources of error through mixed signals at the fast- and pack-ice edges. Polynya monitoring results can be significantly improved using enhanced resolution data products. This implies that previously suggested methods for the retrieval of polynya area, thin ice thickness, and ice production are not transferable in space and time. Data as well as method parameterizations have to be chosen carefully to avoid large errors due to regional peculiarities.
    Type: Article , PeerReviewed
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 6
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    In:  [Other] In: International Symposium on Sea Ice in the Physical and Biogeochemical System, 31.05.-04.06.2010, Tromsoe, Norway .
    Publication Date: 2014-12-22
    Type: Conference or Workshop Item , NonPeerReviewed
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 7
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    In:  [Other] In: Internatiional Union of Geodesy and Geophysics, IUGG, General Assembly, 28.06.-07.07.2011, Melbourne, Australia .
    Publication Date: 2014-12-18
    Type: Conference or Workshop Item , NonPeerReviewed
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 8
    Publication Date: 2014-12-22
    Description: A combined interpretation of synthetic aperture radar (SAR) satellite images and helicopter electromagnetic (HEM) sea-ice thickness data has provided an estimate of sea-ice volume formed in Laptev Sea polynyas during the winter of 2007/08. The evolution of the surveyed sea-ice areas, which were formed between late December 2007 and middle April 2008, was tracked using a series of SAR images with a sampling interval of 2–3 days. Approximately 160 km of HEM data recorded in April 2008 provided sea-ice thicknesses along profiles that transected sea ice varying in age from 1 to 116 days. For the volume estimates, thickness information along the HEM profiles was extrapolated to zones of the same age. The error of areal mean thickness information was estimated to be between 0.2 m for younger ice and up to 1.55 m for older ice, with the primary error source being the spatially limited HEM coverage. Our results have demonstrated that the modal thicknesses and mean thicknesses of level ice correlated with the sea-ice age, but that varying dynamic and thermodynamic sea-ice growth conditions resulted in a rather heterogeneous sea-ice thickness distribution on scales of tens of kilometers. Taking all uncertainties into account, total sea-ice area and volume produced within the entire surveyed area were 52 650 km2 and 93.6 ± 26.6 km3. The surveyed polynya contributed 2.0 ± 0.5% of the sea-ice produced throughout the Arctic during the 2007/08 winter. The SAR-HEM volume estimate compares well with the 112 km3 ice production calculated with a~high-resolution ocean sea-ice model. Measured modal and mean-level ice thicknesses correlate with calculated freezing-degree-day thicknesses with a factor of 0.87–0.89, which was too low to justify the assumption of homogeneous thermodynamic growth conditions in the area, or indicates a strong dynamic thickening of level ice by rafting of even thicker ice.
    Type: Article , PeerReviewed
    Format: text
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 9
    Publication Date: 2020-02-12
    Keywords: 550 - Earth sciences
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 10
    Publication Date: 2013-02-01
    Description: A combined interpretation of synthetic aperture radar (SAR) satellite images and helicopter electromagnetic (HEM) sea-ice thickness data has provided an estimate of sea-ice volume formed in Laptev Sea polynyas during the winter of 2007/08. The evolution of the surveyed sea-ice areas, which were formed between late December 2007 and middle April 2008, was tracked using a series of SAR images with a sampling interval of 2–3 days. Approximately 160 km of HEM data recorded in April 2008 provided sea-ice thicknesses along profiles that transected sea-ice varying in age from 1–116 days. For the volume estimates, thickness information along the HEM profiles was extrapolated to zones of the same age. The error of areal mean thickness information was estimated to be between 0.2 m for younger ice and up to 1.55 m for older ice, with the primary error source being the spatially limited HEM coverage. Our results have demonstrated that the modal thicknesses and mean thicknesses of level ice correlated with the sea-ice age, but that varying dynamic and thermodynamic sea-ice growth conditions resulted in a rather heterogeneous sea-ice thickness distribution on scales of tens of kilometers. Taking all uncertainties into account, total sea-ice area and volume produced within the entire surveyed area were 52 650 km2 and 93.6 ± 26.6 km3. The surveyed polynya contributed 2.0 ± 0.5% of the sea-ice produced throughout the Arctic during the 2007/08 winter. The SAR-HEM volume estimate compares well with the 112 km3 ice production calculated with a high resolution ocean sea-ice model. Measured modal and mean-level ice thicknesses correlate with calculated freezing-degree-day thicknesses with a factor of 0.87–0.89, which was too low to justify the assumption of homogeneous thermodynamic growth conditions in the area, or indicates a strong dynamic thickening of level ice by rafting of even thicker ice.
    Print ISSN: 1994-0432
    Electronic ISSN: 1994-0440
    Topics: Geography , Geosciences
    Published by Copernicus on behalf of European Geosciences Union (EGU).
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. More information can be found here...