PACS. 82.20.Mj Nonequilibrium kinetics - 05.70.Ln Nonequilibrium and irreversible thermodynamics
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract: Fast self sustained waves (autowaves) associated with chemical or phase transformations are observed in many situations in condensed matter. They are governed neither by diffusion of matter or heat (as in combustion processes) nor by a travelling shock wave (as in gaseous detonation). Instead, they result from a coupling between phase transformation and the stress field, and may be classified as gasless detonation autowaves in solids. We propose a simple model to describe these regimes. The model rests on the classical equations of elastic deformations in a 1-dimensional solid bar, with the extra assumption that the phase (chemical) transformation induces a change of the sound velocity. The transformations are assumed to occur through a chain branched mechanism, which starts when the mechanical stress exceeds a given threshold. Our investigation shows that supersonic autowaves exist in this model. In the absence of diffusion (dissipation factor, losses), a continuum of travelling wave solutions is found. In the presence of diffusion, a steady state supersonic wave solution is found, along with a slower wave controlled by diffusion.
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