To perform daytime measurements of the density and temperature by Rayleigh lidar, it is necessary to select the wavelength with a very narrow spectral system. This filter is composed by an interference filter and a Fabry Perot etalon. The Fabry Perot etalon is the more performent compound, and it is necessary to build a specific optic around it. The image of the entrance pupil or the field diaphragm is at the infinite and the other diaphragm is on the etalon. The optical quality of the optical system is linked to the spectral resolution of the system to optimize the reduction of the field of view. The resolution is given by the formula: R = 8(xD/Fd)exp 2 where R = lambda/delta(lambda), x = diameter of the field diaphragm, D = diameter of the reception mirror, F = focal length of the telescope, and d = useful diameter of the etalon. In the Doppler Rayleigh lidars, the PF interferometer is the main part of the experiment and the exact spectral adaptation is the most critical problem. In the spectral adaptation of interferometers, the transmittance of the system will be acceptable if the etalon is exactly adjusted to the wavelength of the laser. It is necessary to work with a monomode laser, and adjust the shift to the bandpass of the interferometer. We are working with an interferometer built with molecular optical contact. This interferometer is put in a special pressure closed chamber.
INSTRUMENTATION AND PHOTOGRAPHY
NASA. Langley Research Center, 16th International Laser Radar Conference, Part 2; p 529-531