Key words Drosophila
Oocyte RNA localization
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract During oogenesis in Drosophila, several mRNAs and proteins are localized to discrete regions of the developing oocyte, resulting in a mature oocyte with a well-defined anterior–posterior axis. The product of the swallow (sww) gene is required for the localization of two different mRNAs during oogenesis, bicoid (bcd) and Adducin-like/hu-li tai shao (hts). We initiated a detailed characterization of the phenotypes associated with each of eight sww alleles as a means of investigating the role of sww in oogenic patterning. RNA localization defects in various sww mutants were examined by radioactive in situ hybridization to paraffin sections. Using this technique, several previously unreported RNA localization defects have been observed. Although bcd RNA localization is often lost completely in sww oocytes, in a high proportion of cases, bcd RNA is localized inappropriately along the periphery of the mature oocyte. In several sww mutants, a portion of the bcd mRNA population becomes concentrated at the posterior pole of the oocyte during late oogenesis. Several sww mutations also result inoskar RNA localization defects, consistent with a global role for sww in cytoskeletal regulation or organization. A detailed temporal and spatial analysis of hts RNA localization in sww mutants and in drug-treated ovaries reveals many similarities to bcd RNA localization, and implies the two independent localization events are accomplished by the same mechanism.
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