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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-041X
    Keywords: Key words Drosophila ; Oocyte RNA localization ; swallow ; Cytoskeleton
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract  During oogenesis in Drosophila, several mRNAs and proteins are localized to discrete regions of the developing oocyte, resulting in a mature oocyte with a well-defined anterior–posterior axis. The product of the swallow (sww) gene is required for the localization of two different mRNAs during oogenesis, bicoid (bcd) and Adducin-like/hu-li tai shao (hts). We initiated a detailed characterization of the phenotypes associated with each of eight sww alleles as a means of investigating the role of sww in oogenic patterning. RNA localization defects in various sww mutants were examined by radioactive in situ hybridization to paraffin sections. Using this technique, several previously unreported RNA localization defects have been observed. Although bcd RNA localization is often lost completely in sww oocytes, in a high proportion of cases, bcd RNA is localized inappropriately along the periphery of the mature oocyte. In several sww mutants, a portion of the bcd mRNA population becomes concentrated at the posterior pole of the oocyte during late oogenesis. Several sww mutations also result inoskar RNA localization defects, consistent with a global role for sww in cytoskeletal regulation or organization. A detailed temporal and spatial analysis of hts RNA localization in sww mutants and in drug-treated ovaries reveals many similarities to bcd RNA localization, and implies the two independent localization events are accomplished by the same mechanism.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-041X
    Keywords: Key words Swallow ; bicoid ; Drosophila ; mRNA localization ; Oogenesis ; Embryogenesis
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract  We analyzed a functional homologue of the swallow gene from Drosophila pseudoobscura. The swallow gene of D. melanogaster plays an essential role in localizing bicoid mRNA in oocytes, and swallow mutant embryos show anterior pattern defects that result from the lack of localization of the bicoid morphogen. The pseudoobscura homologue rescues the function of swallow mutants when introduced into the genome of D. melanogaster, and its expression is similar to that of the melanogaster gene. The predicted pseudoobscura and melanogaster proteins are 49% identical and 69% conserved. The coiled-coil domain previously identified in the melanogaster swallow protein is strongly conserved in the pseudoobscura homologue, but the weak similarity of the melanogaster swallow protein to the RNP class of RNA-binding proteins is not conserved in the pseudoobscura homologue. These and other observations suggest a structural role for swallow in localizing bicoid mRNA, perhaps as part of the egg cytoskeleton.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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