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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    s.l. ; Stafa-Zurich, Switzerland
    Materials science forum Vol. 217-222 (May 1996), p. 1377-1382 
    ISSN: 1662-9752
    Source: Scientific.Net: Materials Science & Technology / Trans Tech Publications Archiv 1984-2008
    Topics: Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1460-2695
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
    Notes: The cyclic strain energy density parameter W for the critical or failure plane has been successfully applied in predicting the multiaxial fatigue life of an iron-base and a nickel-base alloy. This parameter has the advantage of being independent of loading condition, allowing a universal energy-life curve to be determined for a variety of torsion, tension and bending stress and strain states. The critical strain energy density parameter has been verified using experimental data obtained from tubular and notched specimens of SAE-1045 steel and Inconel 718.
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1460-2695
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
    Notes: A model based on surface strain redistribution and the reduced closure stress of short cracks is shown to successfully predict the fatigue limit and short crack growth behaviour for aluminium alloy 2024-T351. Using this approach, the length of non-propagating cracks can be anticipated. The local stress intensity range may be resolved into two components (first the linear elastic fracture mechanics component and the second is due to surface strain concentration). Consequently, the local stress intensity range of aluminium alloy 2024-T351 is a maximum at a depth of approximately half a grain diameter and a minimum at a depth slightly in excess of three grain diameters. The reduced closure stress for short cracks coupled with the increased applied stress intensity caused by surface strain redistribution accounts for the variation of the effective stress intensity parameter as a function of crack depth. This parameter is a maximum for the smallest possible crack (3 μm) and decreases as crack length increases.
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    ISSN: 1460-2695
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
    Notes: Abstract— The local stress/strain approach has been used to predict the fatigue lives of notched composite components. The method was based on a microstress analysis and the application of a multiaxial fatigue parameter incorporating the alternating strain components on the critical plane. This parameter was able to correlate the fatigue lives obtained under a variety of multiaxial loading and geometrical configurations, enabling a generalized fatigue life curve to be determined on the basis of limited experimental data.The ability of the multiaxial fatigue parameter to relate the fatigue behaviour of composites was illustrated by predicting the locations of crack initiation sites in a unidirectional silicon carbide fibre reinforced titanium plate containing a circular hole tested under constant amplitude cyclic loading. The same approach was also successfully employed to predict the fatigue lives of graphite reinforced epoxy composite tubes with circular holes tested under several combinations of cyclic tension and torsion.
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  • 5
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    ISSN: 1460-2695
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
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  • 6
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    ISSN: 1460-2695
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
    Notes: Abstract A multiaxial fatigue strain energy density parameter has been formulated which normalizes fatigue data obtained under a variety of mean stress levels and loading combinations. This parameter represents that proportion of the overall strain energy contributed by the stresses and strains on the critical or fracture plane. It is shown that multiaxial fatigue life data may be accurately correlated by applying this parameter to the experimental results of Inconel 718 alloy subjected to a variety of mean normal and shear stress levels, as well as to SAE 1045 steel tested under tension, torsion and simultaneous tension and torsion.
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  • 7
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    ISSN: 1460-2695
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
    Notes: Cyclic tests have been carried out on a hot work tool steel (H13) over a range of temperatures using different waveforms. At a temperature of 125°C, a slow-fast wave resulted in lower crack propagation rates than those with a balanced (or symmetrical) waveform. However, at 500°C normal fatigue crack propagation behaviour was observed in which the slow-fast wave was more damaging than a balanced waveform at the same frequency. Dynamic strain aging is attributed to the reversed crack propagation effect at 125°C.
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  • 8
    ISSN: 1460-2695
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
    Notes: The fatigue lives, the fatigue limit stress ranges and fatigue notch factors for metallic specimens can be predicted using a modified fracture mechanics model for short cracks based on the combination of solutions for the non-uniform strains at the surface of a metal and the development of crack closure. The resulting local stress intensity factor exceeds that indicated by linear elastic fracture mechanics at short crack lengths. The model predicts a smooth and continuous variation of the fatigue notch factor with notch size between a lower bound of unity and an upper bound equal to the theoretical notch stress concentration factor. The model is verified using experimental data for a 2024-T351 aluminium alloy for smooth and notched specimens tested at various stress ratios.
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  • 9
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    ISSN: 1460-2695
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
    Notes: Abstract— —A series of tests has been carried out to investigate the effect of sequential high frequency fatigue cycles interspersed with hold times on elevated temperature crack growth rates in AISI type 304 stainless steel. Each test sequence included different combinations of fatigue cycles and hold-times. Those sequences which included the smallest number of fatigue cycles resulted in the fastest crack propagation rates. The sequence with a block of 1000 cycles and a 120min hold time had the slowest crack propagation rate, similar to that for a reference 5 Hz fatigue test. Examination of the fracture surfaces revealed alternating regions of transgranular and intergranular fracture corresponding to the respective fatigue block and hold-time period. Intergranular fracture was observed to be characteristic of maximum time-dependent and time-independent damage interaction, which was associated with those specimens subjected to sequences including a block of 50 fatigue cycles, possessing the fastest crack propagation rates. The results may be explained using a model based on fatigue-creep-environment interaction. During the hold-time a damaged zone due to oxidation induced cavitation formed at the crack tip. Depending on the stress intensity factor range, the subsequent fatigue cycles continued to extend the crack through part or whole of the remaining portion of this region. For the remainder of the fatigue block the crack propagated in its normal transgranular mode. Oxide induced closure at low ΔK levels brought about the lowest crack propagation rate for the sequence consisting of a block of 1000 cycles and a 120 min hold period.
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  • 10
    ISSN: 1460-2695
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
    Notes: Abstract— A new technique for studying the growth and morphology of microstructurally short fatigue cracks is described. The technique allows short crack growth, crack depth, and crack front configuration to be measured using Confocal Scanning Laser Microscopy (CSLM). Good agreement is shown between CSLM measurements of the initial stage of crack growth (along an inclined shear plane), crack depth and aspect ratio, together with the measurements obtained using a surface layer removal technique. It is also found that non-propagating short fatigue cracks have approximately the same aspect ratios in different specimen orientations and that the aspect ratio is independent of stress amplitude.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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