Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
Chemistry and Pharmacology
1 The present study was designed to analyse the possible involvement of V1- and V2-receptors in vasopressin (AVP)-induced facilitation of the sympathetic nervous system. Furthermore, we aimed to determine whether the site of facilitation by AVP is located pre- or postsynaptically. 2 Electrical field stimulation (EFS) was applied on the rat mesteric artery to activate the sympathetic nervous system. In addition, we evaluated the direct vascular effects of AVP. The postsynaptic effect of AVP on the sympathetic nervous system was investigated by exposing the vessels to exogenous noradrenaline. These experiments were performed in the absence or presence of selective V1 and V2 receptor antagonists SR 49059 and SR 121463, respectively. Desmopressin was applied as a selective V2 agonist. 3 The direct vasoconstrictor effect of AVP was antagonized by SR 49059 and not by SR 121463. Desmopressin neither showed any direct vasoconstrictor effect nor produced vasodilatation after a precontraction induced by noradrenaline (10 μm). The EFS-induced rise in vascular tone could be increased by a sub-pressor concentration of AVP. This fascilitation could be antagonized by SR 49059, but not by SR 121463. Desmopressin did not influence the increase in vascular tone during EFS. Vasoconstriction induced by exogenous noradrenaline could be facilitated by a sub-pressor concentration of AVP and this selective postsynaptic effect could be antagonized by V1-receptor blockade. 4 In conclusion, the AVP-induced facilitation of the sympathetic nervous system is completely V1-receptor dependent and at least partly postsynaptically mediated.
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