Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
Three copolymeric perfluoroethers with the structure CF3[(OCF2CF2)p(OCF2)q] OCF3, having different p/q ratios, have been fractionated. The fractions obtained have been characterized by Gel Permeation Chromatography and 19F-NMR. The viscosity η the specific volume v and the glass transition temperature, Tg have been measured by standard techniques for all the above samples as well as for some other perfluorinated polyethers.The temperature dependence of viscosity of the unfractionated samples is described by the W.L.F. equation. The values of fg (fractional free-volume at Tg) and of af (free-volume expansion coefficient) are independent of composition, for p/q ratios from 0.53 to 1.15. The critical molecular weight, Mc, is of the order of 8-9,000. From the molecular weight dependence of specific volume, the contribution to the molar volume of the in-chain CF2 group and the excess molar free volume of the chain ends have been determined. The limiting value of Tg for an infinite molecular weight polymer was found to depend linearly on the compositional ratio O/C and the extrapolated values for polytetrafluoroethylene and for the homopolymer (CF2O)n were found to be respectively 200 K and 120 K.
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