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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    ISSN: 1550-7408
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: The roles of the myosin I class of mechanoenzymes have been investigated by single and double gene knockout studies in the amoeba Dictyostelium discoideum. Cells lacking different myosin I pairs (myoA-/myoB-, myoB-/myoC-, and myoA-/myoC-) were examined with respect to their cytoskeletal organization. F-actin localization by rhodamine-phalloidin staining of cells indicates that the myoA-/myoB-, myoB-/myoC-, and myoA-/myoC- cells appear to redistribute their F-actin more slowly than wild type cells upon adhesion to a substrate. These studies suggest that Dictyostelium myoA, myoB, and myoC may have overlapping roles in maintaining the integrity or organization of the cortical membrane cytoskeleton.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1573-2657
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary The simple eukaryote Dictyostelium discoideum contains at least 12 unconventional myosin genes. Here we report the characterization of one of these, myoJ, a gene initially identified through a physical mapping screen. The myoJ gene encodes a high molecular weight myosin, and analysis of the available deduced amino acid sequence reveals that it possesses six IQ motifs and sequences typical of alpha helical coiled coils in the tail region. Therefore, myoJ is predicted to exist as a dimer with up to 12 associated light chains (six per heavy chain). The 7.8 kb myoJ mRNA is expressed all throughout the life cycle of D. discoideum. The myoJ gene has been disrupted and a phenotypic analysis of the mutant cells initiated. Finally, phylogenetic analysis of the head region reveals that myoJ is most similar to two plant myosin genes, Arabidopsis MYA1 and MYA2, that have been alternatively suggested to be either members of the myosin V class or founding members of the myosin XI class.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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