AIP Digital Archive
Electrical Engineering, Measurement and Control Technology
We have developed the concept of an imaging bolometer, capable of operation with 100's of individual channels, while relying on optical (infrared) readout of the temperature rise in a thin foil. A thin gold foil (0.5–5 μm thick) is sandwiched between pieces of copper. The copper mask (a large thermal mass) has a hole pattern drilled into it to form many "individual pixels," effectively forming many separate sensors. This segmented foil/mask combination is exposed on its front side to plasma radiation through a cooled pinhole camera geometry. Simultaneously, a high-resolution infrared camera monitors any temperature change on the backside of the thin foil. A sensitive infrared (IR) camera views the foil through an IR telescope/periscope system, and is shielded from the magnetic and nuclear radiation fields, either by distance and/or material shielding. A simple time-dependent design algorithm, using 1D heat transport to a cold boundary, has been written in MathCad, which allows us to select optimal material and geometries to match the expected plasma conditions. We have built a compact prototype with 149 channels, and tested it successfully both in a vacuum test stand in the laboratory, and on a plasma in the CHS at the National Institute for Fusion Science, subjecting it to electron cyclotron heated and neutral beam injection heated conditions. A water-cooled version has been built for the new LHD. Since the IR imaging bolometer uses only metal parts near the plasma, and has no need for wiring or wiring feedthrus, it is intrinsically radiation hard, and has direct application to ignition device to test engineering concepts (ITER), or ITER-class experiments. © 1999 American Institute of Physics.
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