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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-072X
    Keywords: Methylophilus methylotrophus ; Energy conservation ; ATP synthesis ; Respiration ; Methylotrophic bacteria
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract Respiratory chain phosphorylation has been investigated in the methylotrophic bacterium Methylophilus methylotrophus following the addition of oxidisable substrates to aerobic, whole cell suspensions. Initial-rate experiments showed that ATP synthesis occurred at the overall expense of AMP and inorganic phosphate via the sequential action of the ATP phosphohydrolase and adenylate kinase; some of the nascent ATP was rapidly used to synthesis nonadenine nucleoside triphosphates. After being corrected for ATP turnover, Pi/O quotients of 0.46 to 0.54, 0.77 and 1.37 nmol/ng-atom O were obtained for the oxidation of methanol dehydrogenase-linked substrates (methanol, ethanol and acetaldehyde), duroquinol and formate (NAD+-linked) respectively. These values were proportional to the →H+/O and/or →K+/O quotients exhibited by these substrates, and yielded an average →H+/ATP (≡→H+/Pi) quotient of 4.2 ng-ion H+/nmol. Steady-state experiments showed that the extent of cellular energisation varied with the respiration rate but was always in the order methanol 〉 duroquinol 〉 acetaldehyde, thus indicating that under these longer-term conditions methanol was completely oxidised to yield PQQH2 and 2NAD(P)H. These results are discussed in terms of the various reactions which lead to the generation or utilisation of the protonmotive force in this organism.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-0614
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Summary The detection of bacteria using a thionine mediated microbial fuel cell was examined. On addition of bacteria to the anode compartment of a fuel cell, a rapid increase in the current output was observed. Both the total change in the steady state current (ΔmA) and the initial rate of change of current were proportional to the numbers of bacteria added. Regression analysis of plots of log10 ΔmA against log10 bacteria ml-1 (final concentration) upon the addition of E. coli K12, Lactococcus lactis, coliform sp. A1, Micrococcus sp. M3 but not Pseudomonas sp. P5 gave reasonable correlation coefficients. Determination of the rates of respiration and thionine reduction by E. coli indicated that the transfer of metabolic electrons from the bacteria to the mediator was reasonably efficient (approx. 50%). These results are discussed with respect to the potential application of this technique for the rapid estimation of the bacterial contamination of foods.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    FEMS microbiology letters 78 (1991), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1574-6968
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Listeria monocytogenes possessed glucose oxidase and NADH oxidase activities in whole cells and lysed protoplasts respectively. The NADH oxidase activity sedimented with the membrane fraction and was inhibited by the respiratory inhibitors rotenone, 2-heptyl-4-hydroxy-quinoline-N-oxide and cyanide, suggesting the presence of a membrane associated respiratory chain.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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