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  • 1
    ISSN: 0006-3525
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: The secondary structure of human fibrin from normal donors and from bovine and suilline plasma was studied by Fourier transform ir spectroscopy and a quantitative analysis of its secondary structure was suggested. For this purpose, a previously experimented spectrum deconvolution procedure based on the use of the Conjugate Gradient Minimisation Algorithm with the addition of suitable constraints was applied to the analysis of conformation-sensitive amide bands. This procedure was applied to amide I and III analysis of bovine and suilline fibrin, obtained industrially, and to amide III analysis of human fibrin clots. The analysis of both amide I and III in the first case was useful in order to test the reliability of the method. We found bovine, suilline, and human fibrin to contain about 30% α-helix (amide I and III components at 1653 cm-1, and 1312 and 1284 cm-1, respectively), 40% β-sheets (amide I and III components at 1625 and 1231 cm-1, respectively) and 30% turns (amide I and III components at 1696, 1680, 1675 cm-1, and 1249 cm-1, respectively). The precision of the quantitative determination depends on the amount of these structures in the protein. Particularly, the coefficient of variation is 〈 10% for percentage values of amide I and III components 〉 15 and 5%, respectively. The good agreement of our quantitative data, obtained separately by amide I and amide III analysis, and consistent with a previous fibrinogen (from commercial sources) study that reports only information about fibrin β-sheet content obtained by factor analysis, leads us to believe that the amounts of secondary structures found (α-helix, β-sheets, and turns) are accurate. © 1997 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Biopoly 41: 545-553, 1997.
    Additional Material: 4 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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