Polymer and Materials Science
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
The thermal degradation of poly(N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone) (PVP) was studied by dynamic thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) in the range 200-600°C under nitrogen and oxygen atmospheres at various heating rates. The apparent activation energy of the degradative process was determined by the application of kinetic treatments, giving an average value of 242 kj/mol in N2, whereas in the presence of oxygen, two trends may be considered: At relatively low temperatures (200-400°C) and degrees of conversion, α, lower than 0.5, we obtained an average value of 199 kj/mol, whereas in the temperature interval 400-600°C with degrees of conversion higher than 0.5, the value of Ea was 306 kj/mol. Isothermal experiments carried out in N2 in the interval 350-400°C gave an average value of Ea = 231 kj/mol, in good agreement with that obtained from dynamic treatments. The FTIR spectra of the volatile compounds evolved in degradation experiments carried out in N2 as well as in the presence of oxygen suggest that PVP is thermally degraded, predominantly, by the release of the pyrrolidone side group and the subsequent decomposition of polyenic sequences. © 1993 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
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