Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
A combination of phage typing and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis of XbaI-digested chromosomal DNA has been used to study the epidemiological relationships of multidrug-resistant Salmonella enterica serotype typhimurium from Nairobi (64 isolates) and Kilifi (40 isolates) collected over the period 1994–1997. Isolates from Nairobi belonged to 11 definitive phage types (DTs) encompassing eight different PFGE patterns. In contrast, isolates from Kilifi were mainly DT 56 (60%) and all fell into a single PFGE pattern. The remaining isolates did not conform to a recognisable phage type. We conclude that multidrug-resistant S. typhimurium infections from Nairobi were caused by multiple strains while those from Kilifi were likely to be from a microepidemic caused by a single clone.
Type of Medium: