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  • 1
    ISSN: 1520-5118
    Source: ACS Legacy Archives
    Topics: Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1573-4919
    Keywords: regucalcin ; anti-regucalcin antibody ; protein phosphatase ; calcium ; rat liver cytosol
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract The effect of anti-regucalcin monoclonal antibody on neutral phoshatase activity in rat liver cytosol was investigated. Phosphotyrosine, phosphoserine, and phosphothreonine were used as the substrate toward phosphatase asssy. Liver cytosolic phosphatase activity with three phosphoaminoacids was significantly increased in the presence of anti-regucalcin antibody (100 and 200 ng/ml) in the enzyme reaction mixture with calcium chloride (0.1 mM) or EGTA (1.0 mM). The effect of anti-regucalcin antibody was completely abolished in the presence of exogenous regucalcin (1.0 μM), indicating the involvement of endogenous regucalcin. The anti-regucalcin anti body- increased phosphatase activity was not significantly altered in the presence of trifluoperazine (20 μM), an antagonist of calmodulin, or akadaic acid (10 μM), an inhibitor of protein phosphatase, although these inihibitors caused a slight decrease in liver cytosolic phosphatase activity. The effect of endogenous regucalcin might be not related to calmodulin, and it was insensitive to okadaic acid. The present findings suggest that endogenous regucalcin is involved in the regulation of protein phasphatase in rat liver cytoplasm.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 0730-2312
    Keywords: calmodulin ; calcineurin ; protein phosphatase ; calcium-binding protein ; regucalcin ; Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine
    Notes: The regulatory effect of regucalcin on Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent phosphatase activity and the binding of regucalcin to calmodulin was investigated. Phosphatase activity toward phosphotyrosine, phosphoserine, and phosphothreonine in rat liver cytosol was significantly increased by the addition of Ca2+ (100 μM) and calmodulin (0.30 μM). Thess increases were clearly inhibited by the addition of regucalcin (0.50-1.0 μM) into the enzyme reaction mixture. The cytosolic phosphoamino acid phosphatase activity was significantly elevated by the presence of anti-regucalcin monoclonal antibody (0.2 μg/ml), suggesting that endogenous regucalcin in the cytosol has an inhibitory effect on the enzyme activity. This elevation was prevented by the addition of regucalcin (0.50 μM). Purified calcineurin phosphatase activity was significantly increased by the addition of calmodulin (0.12 μM) in the presence of Ca2+ (1 and 10 μM). This increase was completely inhibited by the presence of regucalcin (0.12 μM). The inhibitory effect of regucalcin was reversed by the addition of calmodulin with the higher concentration (0.36 μM). Regucalcin has been demonstrated to bind on calmodulin-agarose beads by analysis with sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The present study demonstrates that regucalcin inhibits Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein phosphatase activity in rat liver cytosol, and that regucalcin can bind to calmodulin. J. Cell. Biochem. 71:140-148, 1998. © 1998 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
    Additional Material: 8 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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