Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Energy, Environment Protection, Nuclear Power Engineering
Abstract Particle-induced X-ray emission (PIXE) was applied to evaluate the loss of volatile elements such as iodine in biological samples. The analytical quality of the method is comparable or better than spectrophotometry, which is currently believed to be the most reliable for iodine determination. The temperature dependence of volatility loss of trace iodine was characteristic, and the feature was divided into three temperature regions. The first one, ranging from room temperature to 200 °C, showed only a slight loss below 20% on drying; the second stage, between 200 °C and 350 °C, where carbonizing processes became prominent, showed a remarkable loss up to 50%; the last one, beyond 350 °C, was accompanied by a considerable loss of iodine (more than 80%) with ashing. Even in the analysis using low temperature ashing with oxygen plasma, the loss of iodine observed was considerable (nearly 80%). The significance of these findings by PIXE in trace analysis is noted to improve analytical quality of volatile elements, such as iodine in biological, medical and also environmental fields.
Type of Medium: