Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
Abstract Corrosion resistance of carbon steel coated with thin film deposited from Cr(CO)6 using an ArF excimer laser (193 nm) has been evaluated by an electrochemical method as a function of laser beam intensity. The carbon steel coated with the film formed at higher beam intensity shows higher corrosion resistance. Microstructure, composition, and thickness of the films have also been investigated. SEM micrographs show that the films consist of small grains which decrease in size with increasing beam intensity. Auger electron spectroscopy (AES) combined with Ar+ beam sputtering reveals that the films deposited at higher beam intensity give higher chromium content, and that the thickness at a fixed total irradiation energy increases up to the intensity of 10 MW cm−2, falling above this intensity. In addition, the change of film thickness by addition of buffer gases (Ar, CO, and H2O) has been investigated. The thickness is 10 times smaller under the addition of H2O, and twice smaller under the addition of Ar or CO than without the addition of gases. A deposition mechanism based on photolysis of Cr(CO)6 in the gas phase is proposed related to the experimental data after the discussion of several possible mechanisms.
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