Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
Abstract This paper describes a new photoelastic technique for the spatiotemporal stress analysis. In a polarimeter developed, an elliptically polarized signal beam of light, modulated in state of polarization by two-dimensional principal-stress distributions interferes with a reference beam of light consisting of orthogonal linearly polarized two components. A time-sequential series of two-dimensional interference patterns are received one after another by a MOS video camera, followed by a computer. Of the elliptically polarized signal beam, the orthogonal field components along the directions of the principal stresses in a two-dimensional photoelastic sample can be computed from a recorded interference pattern, which offer the data needer for mapping the spatiotemporal principal-stress distribution over the sample. Not only each of the two orthogonal principal stresses but also the principal-stress difference are mapped in a time-sequential diagram. No use of any movable polarization element such as a rotating analyzer allows us to follow a rapid change in stress distribution within the maximum frame rate 2066 s−1 of the MOS video camera.
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