Key words Schizosaccharomyces pombe
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract New prp (pre-mRNA processing) mutants of the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe were isolated from a bank of 700 mutants that were either temperature sensitive (ts-) or cold sensitive (cs-) for growth. The bank was screened by Northern blot analysis with probes complementary to S. pombe U6 small nuclear RNA (sn RNA), the gene for which has a splicesomal (mRNA-type) intron. We identified 12 prp mutants that accumulated the U6 snRNA precursor at the nonpermissive temperature. All such mutants were also found to have defects in an early step of TFIID pre-mRNA splicing at the nonpermissive temperature. Complementation analyses showed that seven of the mutants belong to six new complementation groups designated as prp8 and prp10-prp14, whereas the five other mutants were classified into the known complementation groups prp1, prp2 and prp3. Interestingly, some of the isolated prp mutants produced elongated cells at the nonpermissive temperature, which is a phenotype typical of cell division cycle (cdc) mutants. Based on these findings, we propose that some of the wild-type products from these prp + genes play important roles in the cellular processes of pre-mRNA splicing and cell cycle progression.
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