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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2020-01-17
    Description: The dataset contains the raw .segy files of the ocean bottom seismometers/hydrophones (OBS/H) that recorded wide-angle seismic data along 6 profiles in the Porcupine Basin. The active-source seismic survey was conducted by GEOMAR in 2004. The cruise report, navigation files for each profile, and geographical coordinates of each OBS/H are also included in this dataset.
    Type: Dataset
    Format: text/tab-separated-values, 1981 data points
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2018-07-03
    Description: The Porcupine Basin is a Mesozoic failed rift located in the North Atlantic margin (SW Ireland). Here, we present two sets of tomographic images obtained with travel-time tomography of two different active-source seismic data sets: ocean bottom seismic (OBS) data and long-streamer data. The study provides new insights into geological processes that occurred at different scales and geological stages during the formation of the Porcupine Basin. OBS-derived images show the Vp structure of the uppermost lithosphere and the geometry of the Moho across and along the basin axis, providing insights into formation processes that occurred during lithospheric extension in the Mesozoic. In particular, these tomographic results together with neighboring seismic reflection lines provide crustal stretching (βc) estimates of ∼2.5 in the north at 52.5N and 〉 10 in the south at 51.7N. These values suggest that no crustal embrittlement occurred in the northernmost region, and that rifting has potentially reached crustal breakup in the southern part of the study area. Tomographic images reveal that mantle velocities decrease across the basin axis from east to west. These variations occur in a region where βc is within the range at which crustal embrittlement and serpentinisation are possible (βc 3-4). Across the basin axis, the lowest seismic velocity in the mantle spatially coincides with the maximum amount of crustal faulting, indicating fault-controlled mantle hydration. Mantle velocities also suggest that the degree of serpentinisation, together with the amount of crustal faulting, increases southwards along the basin axis. Seismic reflection lines show a major detachment fault surface that grows southwards along the basin axis and is only visible where the inferred degree of serpentinisation is 〉 15 %. This is consistent with laboratory measurements that show that at this degree of serpentinisation, mantle rocks are sufficiently weak to allow low-angle normal faulting. In contrast, the long-streamer tomographic image shows the Vp structure of the post-rift section in much more detail than OBS-derived images providing insights into basin-scale processes that occurred after lithospheric extension during the Cenozoic. The tomographic image reveals faster vertical velocity gradient in the center of the basin than in the flanks. This variation together with a relatively thick sediment accumulation in the center of the basin suggests higher overburden pressure and compaction compared to the margins. This suggests fluid flow driven by differential compaction towards the margins of the basin. The model also reveals two prominent vertical velocity anomalies located at the western margin of the basin, coinciding with the location of a reactivated basin-bounding fault. Comparing the corresponding time-migrated seismic section with the tomographic model, we observe that the hanging wall of the basin-bounding fault is not significantly affected by major normal faulting and yet is associated with comparatively lower seismic velocities. This result together with exploration well data suggests high effective porosities within the hanging wall suggesting potential overpressured areas. Our results suggest that the western basin-bounding fault is acting as a barrier for fluid migration causing overpressured areas over the western flank.
    Type: Conference or Workshop Item , NonPeerReviewed
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2020-01-22
    Description: Highlights • Low upper mantle seismic velocity indicates mantle hydration in the Porcupine Basin. • Crustal stretching factors suggest crustal break up in the Porcupine Basin. • Fault-controlled mantle hydration explains across-axis mantle velocity variations. • Along-axis variations in mantle hydration control the development of low-angle faults. Abstract Mantle hydration (serpentinisation) at magma-poor rifted margins is thought to play a key role in controlling the kinematics of low-angle faults and thus, hyperextension and crustal breakup. However, because geophysical data principally provide observations of the final structure of a margin, little is known about the evolution of serpentinisation and how this governs tectonics during hyperextension. Here we present new observational evidence on how crustal strain-dependent serpentinisation influences hyperextension from rifting to possible crustal breakup along the axis of the Porcupine Basin, offshore Ireland. We present three new P-wave seismic velocity models that show the seismic structure of the uppermost lithosphere and the geometry of the Moho across and along the basin axis. We use neighbouring seismic reflection lines to our tomographic models to estimate crustal stretching ( ) of ∼2.5 in the north at 52.5° N and 〉10 in the south at 51.7° N. These values suggest that no crustal embrittlement occurred in the northernmost region, and that rifting may have progressed to crustal breakup in the southern part of the study area. We observed a decrease in mantle velocities across the basin axis from east to west. These variations occur in a region where is within the range at which crustal embrittlement and serpentinisation are possible ( 3–4). Across the basin axis, the lowest seismic velocity in the mantle spatially coincides with the maximum amount of crustal faulting, indicating fault-controlled mantle hydration. Mantle velocities also suggest that the degree of serpentinisation, together with the amount of crustal faulting, increases southwards along the basin axis. Seismic reflection lines show a major detachment fault surface that grows southwards along the basin axis and is only visible where the inferred degree of serpentinisation is 〉15%. This observation is consistent with laboratory measurements that show that at this degree of serpentinisation, mantle rocks are sufficiently weak to allow low-angle normal faulting. Based on these results, we propose two alternative formation models for the Porcupine Basin. The first involves a northward propagation of the hyperextension processes, while the second model suggests higher extension rates in the centre of the basin than in the north. Both scenarios postulate that the amount of crustal strain determines the extent and degree of serpentinisation, which eventually controls the development of detachments faults with advanced stretching.
    Type: Article , PeerReviewed
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