Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract The equilibrium lattice parameter and bandstructure of copper monolayers, both in the square (100) and hexagonal (111) symmetry, have been determined using self-consistent full-potential local density approximation (LDA) calculations. Two quite different procedures have been employed: FILMS, a linear-combination-of-gaussian-type-orbitals method, and a full-potential linearized augmented plane-wave (F-LAPW) method. The copper monolayer is bound with respect to the atomic LSDA ground state in the configurationd 10 s 1. Nearest-neighbor distancesa nn are determined as 4.25 a.u. in the square geometry and 4.42 a.u. in hexagonal geometry, the latter being favored in energy by 0.33 eV/atom. Both monolayers thus exhibit a nearest-neighbor distance substantially shorter than that found in bulk copper,a nn=4.8238 a.u. Excellent agreement between the two methods is obtained for the bandstructure, with no indication of ad-band hole at theM point (corner) of the Brillouin zone, in contrast to some other recent self-consistent calculations. Combined use of the von Barth-Hedin LDA and scalar-relativistic corrections produces the smallest gap at theM point, 0.15 eV, at the Hedin-Lundqvist equilibrium geometry. This may be suggestive evidence for the origin ofd-band holes when combined with further approximations in the representation of the one-electron orbitals and the charge density.
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