Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
The increasing importance of spectroscopic methods as an analytical tool in industry, combined with the trend to automatize spectrometers, demands new standards in the quantity and quality of spectrum interpretation. Suitable computer programs should be able to predict structural features from mass spectral properties. The knowledge base is a structure-oriented mass spectral data collection consisting of some 42000 spectra and topologies. The comparison of selected mass spectral properties such as similarity, neutral losses and ion series of the unknown with the equivalent properties of the library spectra results in a set of corresponding structures. Subsequent substructure analysis yields a histogram of substructure frequencies containing information about their statistical relevance. The relevant substructure set may be recombined to produce a structure proposal, as is demonstrated for 1-acetyl-2-methoxy-4-trimethylsilyioxybenzene. In a second example, the relevant substructures derived by the interpretation system are used as input for the 13C-NMR substructure generator. This procedure reduces the solution space of the structure prediction algorithm considerably. Besides the spectrum interpretation, additional possibilities are available. The substructure search enables us, for example, to look for mass spectrometric reaction centres. Beyond that, substructure analysis is applicable to the determination of structural features typical of certain combinations of neutral losses and/or characteristic fragments.
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