Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
We investigated the effect of prostaglandin E1 on human polymorphonuclear leukocytes, in vivo. Polymorphonuclear leukocytes of a prostaglandin E1 and placebo study group were harvested and their function, as production of oxygen-derived metabolites and adherence to human cultured endothelial cells, was compared. Additionally, data obtained from polymorphonuclear leukocytes of a prostaglandin E1 and placebo group were compared with data obtained from polymorphonuclear leukocytes from 28 blood donors, who served as a control group.Production of oxygen-derived metabolites by polymorphonuclear leukocytes during contact with endothelial cells was measured by chemiluminescence. Chemiluminescence was significantly (p 〈 0.01) increased in the placebo group in comparison to the control group decreasing to values of control group after 6 d (post-trauma). Chemiluminescence response was not significantly suppressed in patients treated with prostaglandin E1 in comparison to the placebo group. Adherence of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (placebo group) to endothelial cells was significantly increased (p 〈 0.01) within the first 6 d post-trauma Following day 6, values were in the same range as values for the control group. Adherence was not significantly suppressed in patients treated with prostaglandin E1 in comparison to the placebo group. In conclusion, prostaglandin E1 at a dose of 20 ng/kg bw/min does not influence production of oxygenderived metabolites and adherence in polytraumatized patients in comparison to a placebo group. Additionally, production of oxygen-derived metabolites by polymorphonuclear leukocytes in response to endothelial cells is shown and it is evident that endothelial cells might influence production of oxygen derived metabolites by polymorphonuclear leukocytes.
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