Elongation factor 1α
Tobacco BY-2 cell line
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Summary During cell cycle transition from M to G1 phase, micro-tubules (MTs), organized on the perinuclear region, reached the cell cortex. Microfilaments (MFs) were not involved in this process, however, MFs accumulated to form a ring-like structure in the division plane and from there they elongated toward the distal end in the cell cortex. Subsequently, when MTs elongated along the long axis of the cells, towards the distal end, the MTs ran into and then associated with the predeveloped MFs in the cell cortex, suggesting the involvement of MFs in organizing the parallel oriented MTs in the cell cortex. When cortical MTs were formed in the direction transverse to the long axis of cells, the two structures were again closely associated. Therefore, with regards to the determination of the direction of organizing MTs, predeveloped MFs may have guided the orientation of MTs at the initial stage. Disorganization of MFs in this period, by cytochalasins, prevented the organization of cortical MTs, and resulted in the appearance of abnormal MT configurations. We thus demonstrate the involvement of MFs in determining the orientation and organization of cortical MTs, and discuss the possible role of MFs during this process.
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