Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition
Sweet potato virus disease (SPVD) is the name used to describe a range of severe symptoms in different cultivars of sweet potato, comprising overall plant stunting combined with leaf narrowing and distortion, and chlorosis, mosaic or vein-clearing. Affected plants of various cultivars were collected from several regions of Uganda. All samples contained the aphid-borne sweet potato feathery mottle potyvirus (SPFMV) and almost all contained the whitefly-borne sweet potato chlorotic stunt closterovirus (SPCSV). SPCSV was detected by a mix of monoclonal antibodies (MAb) previously shown to react only to a Kenyan isolate of SPCSV, but not by a mixture of MAb that detected SPCSV isolates from Nigeria and other countries. Sweet potato chlorotic fleck virus (SPCFV) and sweet potato mild mottle ipomovirus (SPMMV) were seldom detected in SPVD-affected plants, while sweet potato latent virus (SPLV) was never detected. Isolates of SPFMV and SPCSV obtained by insect transmissions together induced typical symptoms of SPVD when graft-inoculated to virus-free sweet potato. SPCSV alone caused stunting and either purpling or yellowing of middle and lower leaves when graft-inoculated to virus-free plants of two cultivars. Similarly diseased naturally inoculated field plants were shown consistently to contain SPCSV. Both this disease and SPVD spread rapidly in a sweet potato crop.
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