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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2019-01-25
    Description: G. H. Darwin proposed that the primordial Earth may have rotated fast enough that the solar tidal period was nearly resonant with the fundamental free oscillation period of a fluid Earth and that a large and unstable tidal oscillation split off to become the moon. Jeffreys argumented that dissipation during resonance would be sufficient to prevent such an unstable oscillation greater than the tidal frequency (period - 2.68 hr). It is considered that solar tides have extracted angular momentum from the Earth-Moon system over 4.5 b.y. The correspondence of the primordial tidal and resonant frequencies is nearly exact. (The effect of central condensation of the proto earth is to increase both frequencies by a similar amount, though the resonance is not precisely known. This result, was unknown to Darwin or Jeffreys. The effects of resonance were evaluated. The resonance is likely to be too damped for fission. This argument is more general than Jeffreys', who considered friction between the oscillating mantle and a rigid core. It is argued that the fact that Q must be so great for fission that equilibrium can not be maintained; the fluid proto Earth passes so quickly through resonance that maximum amplitude is not reached. It is suggested that solar resonant tides acted as a brake on the spin of the primordial partially molten Earth. Certain proposed origins for the Moon do not necessarily involve addition of substantial amounts of angular momentum to the Earth-Moon system. The primordial Earth-Moon system may have had nearly the same angular momentum as it has today.
    Type: Lunar Planetary Inst. Conf. on the Origin of the Moon; p 34
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2014-10-09
    Description: Accurate, three layered structural models were generated for Ganymede and Callisto. Three layered satellites consist of a rock core, a region of mixed rock and ice, and an outer shell of pure ice. This structure would result from either accretional melting of the outermost region of the satellite or differentiation subsequent to localized melting. A completely undifferentiated ice rock satellite possesses only the single, top boundary layer and, in this case, melting is also relatively difficult to initiate; this suggests that, if accretional melting results in a small degree of differentiation initially, subsequent melting may readily occur as the satellite warms due to radiogenic heating. Alternatively, if accretion is not accompanied by a small degree of differentiation, it may prove too difficult to initiate nonaccretional melting and the satellite might remain undifferentiated indefinitely.
    Type: NASA, Washington Repts. of Planetary Geol. and Geophys. Program, 1984; p 519-521
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