ALBERT

All Library Books, journals and Electronic Records Telegrafenberg

feed icon rss

Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
  • 1
    Publication Date: 2018-01-11
    Description: Persian Gulf waters (Hormuzgan Province) were studied from seasonally to determine the best locations for installation of artificial reefs. The area was stratified for 10 transects and each transect was divided into three stations: Station 1 for waters below 10m, station 2 for waters between 10 and 20m and station 3 for waters between 20 and 30m deep. Habitats of fauna and flora including communities of corals, seaweeds, sea cucumbers and sea grasses and sedimentation depth through scuba diving were studied in each transect and sub-transects. Sea grass communities existed in some spots within station 1 in Bandar Mesan, Bandar Lengeh, Kish Island and Bandar Chirooyeh transects, while for station 2, sea grasses were absent from Chirooyeh transect and present in Bandar Mesan, Bandar Kong and Kish Island transects. Also, seaweed habitats existed in station 1 in Bandar Mesan transect and some areas in Bandar Lengeh transect. Study of coral and sea cucumber communities indicated existence of Acropora sp. habitats in Bahman jetty, Bandar Mesan and Bandar Bostaneh transects, Porites sp. habitat in Hengam Island transect, Holothuria sp. habitats in Bandar Mesan and Bandar Lengeh transects and Stichopus sp. habitat in Hengam Island transect. All of these habitats were located in station 1 and had patchy distribution which was drawn in GIS software. Calculated sedimentation depth using degree scale in different transects demonstrated statistically significant differences between station 1 in Bandar Salakh transect and the same stations in other transects, also between station 2 and station 3 in other transects (P〈0.05). The result of sedimentation depth assessment showed that station 2 in Bandar Lengeh area up to Hendurabi Island were better for artificial reefs installation compared to south of Gheshm Island with the exception of Bandar Kong and Bandar Chirooyeh transects.
    Keywords: Biology ; Conservation ; Fisheries
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
    Type: Article , PeerReviewed
    Format: application/pdf
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    Publication Date: 2018-01-10
    Description: The growth of organisms on seven different artificial reef structures was surveyed from 2004-2006 in Hormuzgan offshore waters (Bandar Lengeh area). The organisms consisted of 12 groups the main of which included Barnacle (Megabalanus tintinnabulum), Sponges with five families and Tunicates. The highest density was observed in 2005, amounting to some 409.224g wet weight on each structure. However, a decrease was observed afterwards in the total mass of aquatics living on the structures. Some organisms such as crabs, polychaets, bivalves and fish larvae showed an increasing in size in the first year. Bivalves showed a decreasing trend in density but otherwise an increasing trend in size over time. Artificial shape of the reefs was not effective on the total density of the organisms living on the structures. Total density of live organisms on different parts of the artificial reefs (surface, middle and bottom) was not statistically significant (P〉0.05). Numbers of crabs on mixed artificial reefs were higher than the other artificial reefs. This was also the same for barnacles.
    Keywords: Ecology ; Fisheries
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
    Type: Article , PeerReviewed
    Format: application/pdf
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    Publication Date: 2018-01-31
    Description: Marine algal toxins have drawn worldwide attention because of their involvement in human intoxication and the socio-economic impacts. Marine biotoxins have been produced by harmful bloom algae, known as dinoflagellate. In the present study, two groups of toxins, i.e. PSP, ASP analyzed in the muscle of shellfish caught from the north parts of the Persian Gulf (Bandar Abbas, Bandar Lengeh, Boushehr) and Oman Sea (Chabahar). Sample preparation and extraction were done according to AOAC methods and by ELISA. PSP amounts in the shellfish samples ranged from ND-3.962 and ND-1.477 mg/g muscle. The results showed all samples were safe.
    Keywords: Biology ; Chemistry ; Ecology ; Environment ; Fisheries
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
    Type: Article , PeerReviewed
    Format: application/pdf
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 4
    Publication Date: 2018-04-16
    Description: Sea Urchin is one of the most useful tools in developmental biology studies because this organism has the simplest kind of developmental stages. We aimed to determine developmental stages and timetable of Echinometra mathaei embryo (the species of Persian Gulf). The spawning of E. mathaei was induced by 0.5M KCl injection (1ml) into the coelomic cavity. After fertilization, embryos were placed in beakers and were incubated at 29°C and a salinity of 39 ppt until embryos reached the pluteus stage. The developmental stages of embryos and the timing of each stage including cleavage, morulae, blastula, gastrula, prism and pluteus larvae were studied under the microscope. Our results showed that after 30 hours from fertilization time, the embryos developed to pluteus larvae. E. mathaei had the shorter development time in comparison to the other Sea Urchin species. Therefore, it may be appropriate as a model organism in biological researches.
    Keywords: Biology
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
    Type: Article , PeerReviewed
    Format: application/pdf
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 5
    Publication Date: 2018-06-19
    Description: The feeding habits and trophic level of Himantura gerrardi were studied according to sex and size classes of 80 individuals obtained using bottom trawl between May and December 2014 from the Oman Sea. Collected specimens were divided into three size classes (small〈38 cm, medium 38-58 cm and large〉58 cm) based on disk width. Prey was identified in seven main zoological categories, where crustacean and polychaetes were the dominant in diets, indicating this species is a demersal dwelling species. No significant differences were observed between sexes, but size classes showed significant differences in their diets. Also, results showed a decrease in feeding overlap between size classes with an increase in disk width, suggesting that intraspecific competition reduced, which allows the coexistence of different size classes. Trophic level was positively correlated with the disk width, which was lower than 4.0 for both sexes and different size classes, placing it in an intermediate trophic level.
    Keywords: Biology ; Ecology ; Fisheries
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
    Type: Article , PeerReviewed
    Format: application/pdf
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 6
    Publication Date: 2018-01-08
    Description: Quality of tiger-toothed croaker stored in flake ice was studied for 19 days by sensory, chemical (total volatile basic nitrogen (TVB-N)), (thiobarbituric values (TBA)), pH and microbial (total viable count, TVC) methods. Sensory scheme was modified according to the panelists perception and a specific schema was created for this fish. Sensory analyses showed that: "gills color and odor", "convexity of eyes", "peritoneum" and "elasticity of flesh" are the best sensory parameters. Results of sensory and microbial analyses had high correlation. Total viable count of flesh was 2.86 log cfu g-1 at first day and reached the limiting level of TVC (106) after 15 days of storage (P〈0.05). TVB-N levels were 15.31mg/100 g tissue at the first day of storage and reached 36.52mg/100 g at the end of storage day (P〈0.05). Measuring amounts of TVB-N showed that total volatile basic nitrogen is a good quality index for tiger-toothed croaker during ice storage. The initial level of TBA was 0.83mg of malondialdehyde per kg flesh (mg MDA/kg) and increased to 3.75mg MDA/kg at the end of storage. TBA levels were less than limiting level (5mg MDA/kg) over the period of storage. According to the results, shelf-life of tiger-toothed croaker was determined 15 days during ice storage.
    Keywords: Biology ; Chemistry ; Fisheries
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
    Type: Article , PeerReviewed
    Format: application/pdf
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 7
    Publication Date: 2018-01-15
    Description: Harmful algal blooms resulting in red discoloration of coastal waters in the Persian Gulf, Iran were first observed in January 2007. The species responsible for the bloom, which was identified as Cochlodinium polykrikoides, coincided with massive aquatic organisms’ mortalities in the Persian Gulf. In order to provide optimum growth and bloom forming, C. polykrikoides cells were sampled during the bloom conditions in the coastal waters of Persian Gulf. After adaptation in filtered seawater, they isolated by positive phototropism characteristic of this species to light. They were grown in modified media culture at different salinity (30, 32 and 35ppt), temperature (20, 23, 26 and 28ºC) and intensity (35, 70 and 90 µmol m-2s -1). The results of the present study clearly showed that the highest alga biomass and growth rate was obtained following culture under the 32ppt salinity, 26°C temperature, and under a 12h light:12h dark photoperiod regime at a light intensity of 90µmol m-2 s -1 provided by cool white fluorescent tubes. Maximum cell density and growth rate of C. polykrikoides in a 60 liter tank for 20 days reached to 32×106 cell L−1 and 0.28 day-1, respectively. However, the mean obtained cell density of C. polykrikoides in temperature regimes 20, 23, 26 and 28ºC (under salinity of 32ppt, and 90µmol m-2s -1 irradiance) were 2730, 9360, 28240 and 18080 cell ml-1, respectively. A two-way ANOVA indicated significant effects of temperature on the growth rate of C. polykrikoides followed by salinity, and then the interaction between temperature and salinity.
    Keywords: Biology ; Ecology ; Environment
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
    Type: Article , PeerReviewed
    Format: application/pdf
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 8
    Publication Date: 2018-05-09
    Description: This study investigated the effects of increasing mercury (Hg) concentration on early developmental stages of sea urchin, Echinometra mathaei, as a bioindicator. The toxicity test was carried out after the gamete released induction and fertilization in six concentrations of mercury within the range of 4, 8, 16, 32, 64 and 128 µg/L. Embryos samples were incubated for 30 h in control and test solutions. After incubation, the percentage of developed 4-arm pluteus larvae was recorded in each group and embryonic abnormalities were studied by a microscope. Results of this study indicate that exposure of embryos to increasing mercury concentrations lead to abnormalities such as changes to shape and size of pluteus larval arms and also arrested development in early embryonic stages. Furthermore, embryos were analyzed to determine mercury absorption by cold vapour atomic absorption spectrometry method (AAS). The median effective concentration (EC50) value calculated for mercury was 17/42 µg/L.
    Keywords: Biology ; Environment ; Pollution
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
    Type: Article , PeerReviewed
    Format: application/pdf
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 9
    Publication Date: 2018-06-06
    Description: Dasyatidae is primarily a marine subfamily, which is most common in shallow tropical waters. The species of this family are distributed worldwide; from tropical to warm temperate; Atlantic (Including the Mediterranean Sea), the Indian, and Pacific Ocean. Six genera, Dasyatis (synonyms Trygon and Urolophoides), Himantura, Pastinachus (synonym Hypolophus), Pteroplatytrygon, Taeniura, and Urogymnus, with about 68 species are included in this family. In the Persian Gulf, some members of family Dasyatidae are important species in terms of number and biomass. This family is represented by three genera (Dasyatis, Himantura and Pastinachus) and seven species, although they have been frequently confused by forms and colors. ... In this study, first report of H. granulata from the northern Persian Gulf with some morphometric measurements is given.
    Keywords: Biology
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
    Type: Article , PeerReviewed
    Format: application/pdf
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 10
    Publication Date: 2018-07-20
    Description: The effects of shrimp culture on the adjacent water bodies over a crop cycle period were evaluated in the year 2005 by studying the water quality of inlet and outlet in two locations within Sayeh Khosh and Tiab area. A one way ANOVA was used for statistical analysis of the data comprising homogeneous subsets and multiple comparisons. We evaluated the variation of 10 parameters including temperature, pH, salinity, dissolved oxygen, BOD5, total ammonia, nitrate, inorganic phosphorous, chlorophyll a, and total suspended solids (TSS).The variations were in the range 21-37.4°C for temperature, 8.12-8.36 for pH, 38-48 ppt for salinity, 5.6-7.8mg/L for dissolved oxygen, 0.2±5.7mg/L for BOD5, 0.002-0.045mg/l for total ammonia, 0.026±0.275mg/L for nitrate, 0.001m0.042mg/L for inorganic phosphorous, 0.11415 n/1 for chlorophylls and 33474.2 n/I for total suspended solids. The result of this study showed that salinity, BOD5, nitrate, total ammonium, inorganic phosphorous and total suspended solids in the outlet effluents and the receiving water in Tiab (stations 1,2) and Sayeh Khosh (stations 5,6) were higher than other sites (3, 4, 7 and 8) and statistical analysis of variance showed a significant difference between the sites (P〈0.05). The concentration of chlorophylls showed a decrease in the outlet effluents and receiving waters in Tiab and Sayeh Khosh areas.
    Keywords: Aquaculture
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
    Type: Article , PeerReviewed
    Format: application/pdf
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. More information can be found here...