Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Summary A method is described for the isolation of fragments of the plasmalemma based on differential and density gradient centrifugation using cell free extracts from anaerobically grown Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Electron microscopically investigated frozen-etched specimens of isolated plasmalemma revealed the presence of globular particles attached to the outer surface of the membrane; these particles correspond to those observed in situ. In isolated plasmalemma a high specific activity of Mg++-dependent ATPase, which is not sensitive to Oligomycin, is present. Yeast plasmalemma contains protein, lipids (including phospholipids) and an appreciable amount of polysaccharide. Hydrolysis of this polysacharide yields only mannose. The treatment of the isolated plasmalemma with detergents liberates the globular particles which can be isolated by density gradient centrifugation. Protein and polysaccharide occur in the respective fraction; therefore the globular particle represents a mannan-protein. It is concluded that the particles, which cover the plasma-membrane of plant cells, represent glycoproteins, that is, building stones to be incorporated into the fibrillar network of the cell walls.
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