Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
Conclusions Modification of gray test iron with as much as 0.08% Mg leads to globularization of graphite and greatly changes the average rate of fracture. The fracture of the pearlitic matrix is brittle in character. The fracture of the pearlitic matrix is brittle in character. Thus, the discrete pattern of crack propagation observed is due mainly to the presence of graphite inclusions, which are areas of scattering of the elastic energy of the crack — relaxation areas. Comparison of the electron fractographs of cast and heat-treated samples (alloy with 0.08% Mg) revealed new elements of brittle fracture in the latter. Crack propagation in the ferritic cast iron is a ccompanied by intensive twinning (Fig. 3g, positive replica). It should be noted that ferritizing annealing has a negligible effect on the average rate of crack propagation (∼350 m/sec). The presence of ferrite in castings of alloys modified with 0.15 and 0.23% Mg has a negligible effect on the fracture, since the ferrite contains silicon and is therefore not a ductile phase. Comparison of the type of fracture leads to the conclusion that fracture can be regarded as brittle for all the cast irons tested. The change in the fine structure of the fracture surface with increasing magnesium concentrations first manifest in increasing signs of brittle fracture (up to 0.08% Mg) and then in weakening of these signs, is due to the change in the rate of crack propagation, which in turn depends on the shape and distribution of graphite, depending on the structural condition of the cast iron.
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