Human narcolepsy Chromosome recombination Recombination breakpoint Susceptibility region
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract. We report on a study performed to determine a boundary of the region with the potential to contribute to the predisposition to human narcolepsy (the susceptibility region) in the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) region. We investigated a Japanese narcolepsy family, in which a de novo chromosomal recombination occurred between the HLA-DRB1 and HLA-B genes in the proband. The recombinant chromosome carrying HLA-DRB1*1501 was transmitted to the affected child and grandchild, suggesting that a strong genetic factor(s) predisposing to the disorder was (were) present on the chromosome, and that the recombination breakpoint could be regarded as a boundary to the susceptibility region. To search for the breakpoint, we carried out allele typing at various polymorphic sites, e.g., microsatellite repeat polymorphisms, restriction fragment length polymorphisms, and single-nucleotide polymorphisms in the HLA region, and examined haplotypes with the polymorphic sites in the family members. Haplotype analyses revealed that the recombination breakpoint was present ~50 kb to the telomeric side of the palmitoyl-protein thioesterase-2 (PPT2) gene in the HLA class III region. From the gene map of the HLA region, the cyclic AMP response element-binding protein-related protein gene (CREB-RP) appeared to be located at the telomeric end in the 50-kb region. Therefore, the data presented here suggest that the susceptibility region for the disorder in the family is present on the centromeric side of the CREB-RP gene in the recombinant Chromosome 6 carrying HLA-DRB1*1501.
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