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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2011-08-18
    Description: A model of the space shuttle thermal canister was acoustically tested to determine the amount of noise attenuation which could be derived using a simple, single-wall canister construction having rectangular shape. Acoustic testing was performed on the basic canister and with noise-attenuating design modifications. The basic canister experienced noise amplifications at 56 and 80 Hz, which are attributed to the fundamental canister acoustic mode and local panel structural resonances, respectively. The standing wave response at 56 Hz was effectively suppressed by the incorporation of a cardboard baffle midway between the canister end-caps (an additional overall noise reduction of 4 dB). The canister was next tested with 14%, 22.5% and 31% sound absorptive coverages on the interior walls. The coverage was effective between 400-3000 Hz; the maximum benefit (9 dB) occurring at 1600 Hz. Viscoelastic damping strips bonded to the canister exterior provided an additional 4 to 5 dB attenuation over much of the frequency range and has an overall reduction of about 10 dB as compared to 4.4 dB without damping. A significant reduction of the resonant effect at 80 Hz was noted.
    Keywords: SPACE TRANSPORTATION
    Type: Shock and Vibration Inform. Center The Shock and Vibration Bull., No. 50, Part 4; p 77-90
    Format: text
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2019-06-28
    Description: Design loads are presented for the General Electric MOD-SA wind turbine. The MOD-SA system consists of a 400 ft. diameter, upwind, two-bladed, teetered rotor connected to a 7.3 mW variable-speed generator. Fatigue loads are specified in the form of histograms for the 30 year life of the machine, while limit (or maximum) loads have been derived from transient dynamic analysis at critical operating conditions. Loads prediction was accomplished using state of the art aeroelastic analyses developed at General Electric. Features of the primary predictive tool - the Transient Rotor Analysis Code (TRAC) are described in the paper. Key to the load predictions are the following wind models: (1) yearly mean wind distribution; (2) mean wind variations during operation; (3) number of start/shutdown cycles; (4) spatially large gusts; and (5) spatially small gusts (local turbulence). The methods used to develop statistical distributions from load calculations represent an extension of procedures used in past wind programs and are believed to be a significant contribution to Wind Turbine Generator analysis. Test/theory correlations are presented to demonstrate code load predictive capability and to support the wind models used in the analysis. In addition MOD-5A loads are compared with those of existing machines. The MOD-5A design was performed by the General Electric Company, Advanced Energy Program Department, under Contract DEN3-153 with NASA Lewis Research Center and sponsored by the Department of Energy.
    Keywords: STRUCTURAL MECHANICS
    Type: DASCON Engineering, Collected Papers on Wind Turbine Technology; p 115-138a
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2019-06-28
    Description: Aeroelastic stability analyses have been performed for the MOD-5A blade/aileron system. Various configurations having different aileron torsional stiffness, mass unbalance, and control system damping have been investigated. The analysis was conducted using a code recently developed by the General Electric Company - AILSTAB. The code extracts eigenvalues for a three degree of freedom system, consisting of: (1) a blade flapwise mode; (2) a blade torsional mode; and (3) an aileron torsional mode. Mode shapes are supplied as input and the aileron can be specified over an arbitrary length of the blade span. Quasi-steady aerodynamic strip theory is used to compute aerodynamic derivatives of the wing-aileron combination as a function of spanwise position. Equations of motion are summarized herein. The program provides rotating blade stability boundaries for torsional divergence, classical flutter (bending/torsion) and wing/aileron flutter. It has been checked out against fixed-wing results published by Theodorsen and Garrick. The MOD-5A system is stable with respect to divergence and classical flutter for all practical rotor speeds. Aileron torsional stiffness must exceed a minimum critical value to prevent aileron flutter. The nominal control system stiffness greatly exceeds this minimum during normal operation. The basic system, however, is unstable for the case of a free (or floating) aileron. The instability can be removed either by the addition of torsional damping or mass-balancing the ailerons. The MOD-5A design was performed by the General Electric Company, Advanced Energy Program Department under Contract DEN3-153 with NASA Lewis Research Center and sponsored by the Department of Energy.
    Keywords: AERODYNAMICS
    Type: DASCON Engineering, Collected Papers on Wind Turbine Technology; p 99-114
    Format: application/pdf
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