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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    Kyklos 37 (1984), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1467-6435
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Sociology , Economics
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0144-3585
    Source: Emerald Fulltext Archive Database 1994-2005
    Topics: Economics
    Notes: The international linkages between money stocks (and inflationrates) has received much attention. Focuses on the advantages anddisadvantages of fixed and flexible exchange rate regimes. Fixed ratesystems require credible commitments to the rules of the game by thecentral banks involved. Credible commitment can be achieved throughcooperative (symmetric) or coercive (asymmetric) regimes. Did the USA(Germany) dominate other developed (European) countries during theBretton Woods (European Monetary) system? Examines the linkages, if any,between the USA (German) money stock and money stocks in other developed(European) countries, using the cointegration and error-correctionmethodology. Finds evidence that USA (German) money stock did affectother (European) countries' money stocks during fixed exchange rates.Finds, also, reverse causality which raises serious questions abouteither the dominance of the USA (Germany) within the Bretton Woods(European Monetary) system, or the usefulness of causality tests isanswering such questions.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 0144-3585
    Source: Emerald Fulltext Archive Database 1994-2005
    Topics: Economics
    Notes: A number of recent papers have raised serious questions about the validity of the German dominance hypothesis, using Granger (temporal) causality tests. If Germany dominates within the European Monetary System, then German monetary policy, measured by either money stocks or interest rates should Granger (temporally) cause other EMS countries' monetary policies, but not vice versa. Empirical evidence leads analysts to conclude that the German dominance hypothesis is invalid, or at a minimum, in need of significant reformulation. Explores similar Granger causality tests, using the recent cointegration and error-correction modelling strategy, for the US and a group of developing countries during the Bretton Woods period, where conventional wisdom suggests that US policy dominated. Finds significant evidence of two-way causality between the US money stock and the money stocks of a large number of developing countries. These findings raise a serious questions about the interpretation and/or appropriateness of the Granger causality test for investigating policy dominance hypotheses.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1520-5045
    Source: ACS Legacy Archives
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK and Boston, USA : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    Bulletin of economic research 55 (2003), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1467-8586
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Economics
    Notes: We reconsider the optimal central banker contract derived in Walsh (1995). We show that if the government's objective function places weight (value) on the cost of the contract, then the optimal inflation contract does not completely neutralize the inflation bias. Furthermore, the more concerned the government is about the cost of the contract or the less selfish is the central banker, the smaller is the share of the inflation bias eliminated by the contract. Finally, a central banker contract written in terms of output can completely eradicate the inflationary bias, regardless of concerns about contract costs.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    Kyklos 35 (1982), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1467-6435
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Sociology , Economics
    Notes: This paper is an empirical investigation of the hypothesis that there exists a positive relationship between the inflation rate and its variability. The hypothesis is tested for a sample of eighteen industrial countries for the period 1949-1970. In contrast to most previous studies, policy makers are allowed to revise their desired inflation rate by calculating a six-year moving average. The homogeniety assumption across countries is relaxed and the relationship between the average inflation rate and its variability over time is examined within each country. In addition, the argument that government financial policy is responsible for the variability of the inflation rate is reexamined in the context of a fixed-exchange-rate open economy; an alternative source of inflation variability is proposed-international inflation. A procedure that separates out the influence of the world inflation rate is developed and the relationship between the average inflation rate and its measure of variability attributable to domestic government financial policy is examined. The findings of this study provide less pervasive support than previous studies of the existence of a positive relationships between the inflation rate and its variability. Moreover, the positive causality uncovered might be due more to international inflation than to the actions of domestic financial authorities.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1573-0735
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Economics
    Notes: Abstract We consider economies and diseconomies of scope for large U.S. banks by employing ordinary and hybrid translog cost functions. We examine the regularity conditions in output space where scope estimates are calculated and reject all models for which these conditions fail. The translog model always possesses violations. For the hybrid translog, violations occur in every case except one. In this one case, we find economies of scope.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 8
    ISSN: 1573-045X
    Keywords: Connecticut home sales ; forecasting ; coincident index ; leading index ; BVAR
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Economics
    Notes: Abstract We develop a Bayesian Vector Autoregressive Model (BVAR) to forecast home sales in Connecticut. In addition to home prices and mortgage interest rates, we also include measures of current and future economic conditions to see if these variables provide useful information with which to forecast Connecticut home sales. The best performing model incorporates recently developed coincident and leading employment indexes for Connecticut. These composite indexes perform markedly better than the inclusion of individual variables such as the unemployment rate or housing permits authorized.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 9
    ISSN: 1573-045X
    Keywords: Bayesian vector autoregressive models ; home sales ; leading indicators ; forecast accuracy
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Economics
    Notes: Abstract This article uses Bayesian vector autoregressive models to examine the usefulness of leading indicators in predicting U.S. home sales. The benchmark Bayesian model includes home sales, price of homes, mortgage rate, real personal disposable income, and unemployment rate. We evaluate the forecasting performance of six alternative leading indicators by adding each, in turn, to the benchmark model. Out-of-sample forecast performance over three periods shows that the model that includes building permits authorized consistently produces the most accurate forecasts. Thus, the intention to build in the future provides good information with which to predict U.S. home sales. Another finding suggests that leading indicators with longer leads outperform the short-leading indicators.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 10
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Hoboken, NJ : Wiley-Blackwell
    AIChE Journal 40 (1994), S. 1312-1327 
    ISSN: 0001-1541
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Chemical Engineering
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: The open-loop optimal control strategy to regulate the crystal-size distribution of batch cooling crystallizers handles input, output, and final-time constraints, and is applicable to crystallization with size-dependent growth rate, growth dispersion, and fines dissolution. The objective function can be formulated to consider solid-liquid separation in subsequent processing steps.A model-based control algorithm requires a model that accurately predicts system behavior. Uncertainty bounds on model parameter estimates are not reported in most crystallization model identification studies. This obscures the fact that resulting models are often based on experiments that do not provide sufficient information and are therefore unreliable. A method for assessing parameter uncertainty and its use in experimental design are presented. Measurements of solute concentration in the continuous phase and the transmittance of light through a slurry sample allow reliable parameter estimation. Uncertainty in the parameter estimates is decreased by data from experiments that achieve a wide range of supersaturation. The sensitivity of the control policy to parameter uncertainty, which connects the model identification and control problems, is assessed. The model identification and control strategies were experimentally verified on a bench-scale KNO3-H2O system. Compared to natural cooling, increases in the weight mean size of up to 48% were achieved through implementation of optimal cooling policies.
    Additional Material: 17 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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