Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract Male rats weighing 100 g were injected with vehicle (control group), 0.4 or 4.0 mg/kg/day of ethane-1-hydroxy-1,1-diphosphonate (EHDP). Beginning after 6 days of EHDP treatment all rats received six subcutaneous injections of3H-thymidine at 8 h intervals. The multiple labeling index of autoradiographically defined labeled cells was determined for the osteoprogenitor cells of the primary spongiosa of the proximal tibial metaphysis. The osteoclasts in the proximal tibial metaphysis were assayed for population parameters and incorporation of labeled nuclei at sequential intervals after the administration of3H-thymidine. After 6 days of EHDP pre-treatment the multiple labeling index of the osteoprogenitor cells was reduced with 4.0 mg/kg/day dose of EHDP. At the beginning of the experimental kinetic sampling period, after the 6 days of EHDP pre-treatment, EHDP treatment resulted in significant increases in the numbers of osteoclasts, nuclei per osteoclast profile, and total osteoclast nuclei. During the sampling period, the 4.0 mg/kg/day dose of EHDP caused further increases in the number of total osteoclasts. EHDP treatment caused a marked increase in the rate of incorporation and accumulation of3H-thymidine-labeled nuclei in osteoclasts. Thus, EHDP causes an accelerated rate of osteoclast production from precursor cells in spite of its ability to slow bone resorption. Although the origin of osteoclast nuclei is not clear, the kinetic data from this study suggests that osteoclast nuclei are not arising from osteoprogenitor cells or osteocytes in the EHDP-treated animals.
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